Statistical Country Profiles

Canada

Population (Million): 36.71 (2017)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2011 US$ (PPP)): 1,615.80 (2017)

 

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy

Year

Patent

Trademark

Industrial Design

GDP (Constant 2011 US$)

2008

22,343

 

11,047

1,383.40

2009

22,101

 

21,143

1,342.59

2010

24,216

146,110

16,462

1,383.99

2011

24,970

156,729

11,426

1,427.47

2012

26,828

160,364

19,418

1,452.38

2013

26,304

175,908

22,847

1,488.33

2014

24,705

176,511

16,023

1,530.83

2015

24,745

189,126

13,088

1,546.15

2016

24,631

183,963

16,669

1,568.02

2017

23,914

228,175

14,012

1,615.80

 

Patent

Patent Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

5,061

37,028

17,282

2009

5,067

32,410

17,034

2010

4,550

30,899

19,666

2011

4,754

30,357

20,216

2012

4,709

30,533

22,119

2013

4,567

30,174

21,737

2014

4,198

31,283

20,507

2015

4,277

32,687

20,468

2016

4,078

30,667

20,553

2017

4,053

30,969

19,861

Patent Grants

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

1,886

16,817

6,479

2009

2,029

17,468

6,433

2010

1,906

17,214

8,052

2011

2,150

18,612

8,499

2012

2,404

19,415

9,590

2013

2,756

21,077

10,583

2014

2,984

20,765

10,978

2015

2,858

19,343

10,843

2016

3,295

23,129

10,812

2017

2,500

21,599

11,338

Patents in Force

Year

Patent in force

2008

129,347

2009

134,150

2010

133,355

2011

137,368

2012

144,363

2013

153,781

2014

161,442

2015

166,771

2016

175,236

2017

180,727

Utility Model Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

 

 

24

2009

 

 

38

2010

 

 

61

2011

 

 

54

2012

 

 

116

2013

 

 

75

2014

 

 

85

2015

 

 

65

2016

 

 

74

2017

 

 

117

 

Trademark

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

 

 

78,148

2009

 

 

68,419

2010

70,141

53,440

75,969

2011

73,192

60,729

83,537

2012

77,015

64,456

83,349

2013

78,679

64,281

97,229

2014

79,807

66,404

96,704

2015

83,504

71,630

105,622

2016

81,540

72,182

102,423

2017

103,776

79,959

124,399

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

 

 

63,677

2009

 

 

73,254

2010

40,341

33,794

77,342

2011

37,519

33,508

69,706

2012

33,544

29,245

70,167

2013

39,177

35,189

77,385

2014

33,468

31,471

83,395

2015

44,114

39,231

88,272

2016

51,430

44,368

85,879

2017

41,627

36,321

88,589

 

Industrial Design

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

664

4,618

10,383

2009

839

3,430

20,304

2010

851

4,291

15,611

2011

790

4,437

10,636

2012

847

4,515

18,571

2013

846

4,500

22,001

2014

859

4,908

15,164

2015

797

5,049

12,291

2016

916

5,254

15,753

2017

815

5,718

13,197

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

613

5,303

9,641

2009

654

4,420

19,725

2010

845

4,330

15,171

2011

720

4,010

12,173

2012

582

3,593

15,533

2013

577

3,208

21,636

2014

928

5,315

21,647

2015

785

4,943

12,739

2016

801

4,902

13,865

2017

692

4,493

14,503

 

International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Applications Under the WIPO Systems

Year

PCT

Madrid

Hague

2008

2,907

21

2

2009

2,509

31

 

2010

2,689

38

 

2011

2,914

28

3

2012

2,738

31

2

2013

2,847

64

 

2014

3,071

75

3

2015

2,822

69

2

2016

2,336

65

2

2017

2,399

60

4

PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2008

1,545

30,430

5,699

2009

1,664

26,505

5,908

2010

1,492

25,968

6,754

2011

1,506

25,253

7,273

2012

1,659

25,245

7,589

2013

1,581

25,046

7,804

2014

1,555

25,896

7,659

2015

1,621

27,772

7,841

2016

1,534

25,487

7,988

2017

1,554

25,796

7,593

 

PCT Top Applicants

PCT Applicant

2015

2016

2017

BLACKBERRY LIMITED

43

26

44

BOMBARDIER, INC.

36

36

37

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO

21

19

29

UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

25

25

23

NANOPORT TECHNOLOGY INC.

 

2

18

SCHLUMBERGER CANADA LIMITED

374

296

18

BOMBARDIER RECREATIONAL PRODUCTS INC.

15

12

17

UNIVERSITY HEALTH NETWORK

15

22

16

CAE INC.

5

17

15

PRATT & WHITNEY CANADA CORP.

 

18

15

 

Madrid Top Applicants

Madrid Applicant

2015

2016

2017

LULULEMON ATHLETICA CANADA INC.

14

6

8

APOTEX TECHNOLOGIES, INC.

 

 

5

DIRTT ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, LTD

5

 

4

ECLIPSE.ORG FOUNDATION, INC.

 

 

4

HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LTD.

 

1

3

LEXARIA BIOSCIENCE CORPORATION

 

 

3

DIAMOND CARD CORPORATION

 

2

2

NOVATEL INC.

 

2

2

PLENTYOFFISH MEDIA, INC.

 

 

2

STICKY SWEEP INC.

 

 

2

 

Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated: 12/2018

• The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from WIPO's operational databases. Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
• A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
• Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
• IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
• One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
• Application class count: The number of classes specified in a trademark application. In the international trademark system and at certain national and regional offices, an applicant can file a trademark application that specifies one or more of the 45 goods and services classes of the Nice Classification. Offices use a single- or multi-class filing system. For example, the offices of Japan, the Republic of Korea and the United States of America (US) as well as many European IP offices have multi-class filing systems. The offices of Brazil, Malaysia and Mexico follow a single-class filing system, requiring a separate application for each class in which an applicant seeks trademark protection. To capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration class counts.
• Application design count: The number of designs contained in an industrial design application. Under the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs, it is possible for an applicant to obtain protection for up to 100 industrial designs for products belonging to one and the same class by filing a single application. Some national or regional IP offices allow applications to contain more than one design for the same product or within the same class, while others allow only one design per application. In order to capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration design counts.
• Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.