Statistical Country Profiles



Canada

Population (Million): 38.01 (2020)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2017 US$ (PPP)): 1,742.79 (2020)

 

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy

Year

Patent

Trademark (class count)

Industrial Design (design count)

GDP (Constant 2017 US$)

2011

24,987

156,729

11,606

1,573.52

2012

26,904

160,359

19,443

1,601.25

2013

26,335

175,901

22,847

1,638.54

2014

24,723

176,511

16,148

1,685.57

2015

24,782

189,111

13,153

1,696.68

2016

24,667

183,869

16,897

1,713.67

2017

23,924

228,250

14,185

1,765.76

2018

24,482

282,815

19,342

1,808.66

2019

25,174

273,264

19,552

1,842.33

2020

23,846

193,467

15,114

1,742.79

 

Patent

Patent Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

4,754

30,357

20,233

2012

4,709

30,533

22,195

2013

4,567

30,174

21,768

2014

4,198

31,283

20,525

2015

4,277

32,687

20,505

2016

4,078

30,667

20,589

2017

4,053

30,969

19,871

2018

4,349

31,812

20,133

2019

4,238

32,250

20,936

2020

4,452

30,113

19,394

Patent Grants

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

2,150

18,612

8,501

2012

2,404

19,415

9,605

2013

2,756

21,077

10,585

2014

2,984

20,765

10,983

2015

2,858

19,343

10,845

2016

3,295

23,129

10,821

2017

2,500

21,599

11,359

2018

2,221

21,278

11,321

2019

2,035

19,974

12,600

2020

2,075

19,209

11,971

Patents in Force

Year

Patents in Force

2011

137,368

2012

144,363

2013

153,781

2014

161,442

2015

166,771

2016

175,236

2017

180,727

2018

184,559

2019

187,928

2020

192,668

Utility Model Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

 

 

54

2012

 

 

116

2013

 

 

75

2014

 

 

85

2015

 

 

65

2016

 

 

74

2017

 

 

117

2018

 

 

91

2019

 

 

92

2020

 

 

114

 

Trademark (class count)

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

73,192

60,729

83,537

2012

77,015

64,456

83,344

2013

78,679

64,281

97,222

2014

79,807

66,404

96,704

2015

83,504

71,630

105,607

2016

81,540

72,182

102,329

2017

103,776

79,959

124,474

2018

106,328

81,314

176,487

2019

91,856

82,431

181,408

2020

62,557

84,710

130,910

Number of Classes Specified in Trademark Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

37,519

33,508

69,706

2012

33,544

29,245

70,166

2013

39,177

35,189

77,385

2014

33,468

31,471

83,395

2015

44,114

39,231

88,271

2016

51,430

44,368

85,855

2017

41,627

36,321

88,604

2018

31,709

30,340

112,769

2019

54,228

103,165

135,767

2020

22,972

79,542

150,377

 

Industrial Design (design count)

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Applications

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

790

4,437

10,816

2012

847

4,515

18,596

2013

846

4,500

22,001

2014

859

4,908

15,289

2015

797

5,049

12,356

2016

916

5,254

15,981

2017

815

5,718

13,370

2018

776

6,093

18,566

2019

734

6,814

18,818

2020

738

6,792

14,376

Number of Designs in Industrial Design Registrations

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

720

4,010

12,243

2012

582

3,593

15,674

2013

577

3,208

21,636

2014

928

5,315

21,680

2015

785

4,943

12,805

2016

801

4,902

13,957

2017

692

4,493

14,597

2018

656

4,480

15,123

2019

584

6,349

19,163

2020

471

6,087

15,196

 

International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties

Year

PCT System

Madrid System

Hague System

2011

2,914

28

3

2012

2,738

31

1

2013

2,847

64

 

2014

3,071

75

3

2015

2,822

69

2

2016

2,336

64

3

2017

2,402

60

4

2018

2,417

95

11

2019

2,724

359

35

2020

2,616

708

62

PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)

Year

Resident

Non-Resident

Abroad

2011

1,506

25,253

7,290

2012

1,659

25,245

7,661

2013

1,581

25,046

7,833

2014

1,555

25,896

7,677

2015

1,621

27,772

7,877

2016

1,534

25,487

8,022

2017

1,554

25,796

7,609

2018

1,651

26,745

7,798

2019

1,557

27,020

8,056

2020

1,587

25,993

8,133

 

PCT Top Applicants

Applicant

2018

2019

2020

MAGNA INTERNATIONAL INC.

18

22

45

RADIENT TECHNOLOGIES INNOVATIONS INC.

 

8

40

BLACKBERRY LIMITED

63

48

30

UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO

18

33

30

NATIONAL RESEARCH COUNCIL OF CANADA

30

34

28

UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

17

24

28

HEXO OPERATIONS INC.

 

 

26

UNIVERSITY HEALTH NETWORK

11

17

26

ELEMENT AI INC.

 

6

25

HYDRO-QUEBEC

17

9

25

 

Madrid Top Applicants

Applicant

2018

2019

2020

ADVANCED NUTRIENTS LTD.

 

 

45

IMMUNOPRECISE ANTIBODIES LTD.

 

 

10

PSYCHEDELIC WATER INC.

 

 

7

CFI EDUCATION INC.

 

 

6

FIRE & FLOWER INC.

 

 

6

FLUID ENERGY GROUP LTD.

 

 

6

HYDROTECH MINING INC.

 

 

6

INTER COSMETIQUES INC.

 

 

6

COAST HOTELS LIMITED

 

 

5

EMBARK HEALTH INC.

 

 

5

 

Hague Top Applicants

Applicant

2018

2019

2020

LULULEMON ATHLETICA CANADA INC.

 

11

29

MOLO DESIGN, LTD.

 

 

15

LABORATOIRES BODYCAD INC.

 

 

14

JASON BRETT PRESTON

 

 

13

THOMAS WILLIAM DAVID ASHCROFT

 

 

11

HUSKY INJECTION MOLDING SYSTEMS LIMITED

 

 

8

9374-7939 QUEBEC INC.

 

 

7

CAMERON GSCHAID

 

 

4

DIRTT ENVIRONMENTAL SOLUTIONS, LTD

 

 

4

GESTION MORIN ET GIBSON INC.

 

 

4

 

Source: WIPO statistics database; last updated: 11/2021

• The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from WIPO's operational databases. Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
• A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
• Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
• IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
• One application at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP), the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) or the Patent Office of the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC Patent Office) is multiplied by the corresponding number of member states ; whereas one application at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one application abroad if the applicant does not reside in a member state, or as one resident application and one application abroad (two applications) if the applicant resides in a member state, due to lack of information on designations.
• Application class count: The number of classes specified in a trademark application. In the international trademark system and at certain national and regional offices, an applicant can file a trademark application that specifies one or more of the 45 goods and services classes of the Nice Classification. Offices use a single- or multi-class filing system. To capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration class counts.
• Application design count: The number of designs contained in an industrial design application. Under the Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs, it is possible for an applicant to obtain protection for up to 100 industrial designs for products belonging to one and the same class by filing a single application. Some national or regional IP offices allow applications to contain more than one design for the same product or within the same class, while others allow only one design per application. In order to capture the differences in application numbers across offices, it is useful to compare their respective application and registration design counts.
• Contact information: Department for Economics and Data Analytics, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: ipstats.mail@wipo.int.