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The 2023 edition of the Global Innovation Index (GII) takes the pulse of global innovation trends against the background of an economic environment fraught with uncertainty. It reveals the ranking of this year’s most innovative economies in the world amongst 132 economies and localizes the top 100 science and technology innovation clusters.

Related documents | Executive Summary | Press release | Photos on Flickr

Download the GII 2023

New release of the GII 2023

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Which are the most innovative economies in 2023?

For the 13th year in a row, Switzerland is the most innovative economy in 2023 followed by Sweden, the United States, the United Kingdom and Singapore. Discover how other economies are performing in the Global Innovation Index 2023 rankings.

This year, Sweden has overtaken the United States and has climbed to second position. Singapore has entered the top five, and has taken the leading position among South East Asia, East Asia and Oceania (SEAO) region economies.

Gain an overview of how your economy's innovation ecosystem performs and where it’s innovation strengths and weaknesses lie. Download your economy’s brief below or further explore and compare with other economies using our new interactive visualization tool.

Global Innovation Index 2023 Ranking

GII 2023 Top 10 economies

(click to enlarge)

The top Science and Technology Clusters in the world in 2023

Also referred to as “Science and Technology hubs”, S&T clusters are the areas in the world where the highest density of inventors and scientific authors are located.

The top Science and Technology innovation clusters in the world in 2023 are Tokyo–Yokohama, followed by Shenzhen–Hong Kong–Guangzhou, Seoul, Beijing and Shanghai-Suzhou.

China now has the largest number of clusters in the world, overtaking the United States.

Find out where the top 100 S&T innovation clusters are located.

Top 10 Science and Technology Clusters in 2023

Global Innovation Tracker 2023

The Global Innovation Tracker captures key trends in innovation investments, measures the pace of technological progress and adoption, as well as the resulting socioeconomic impact.

How is innovation navigating through the global turbulence caused by elevated inflation, rising interest rates and geopolitical conflict in the immediate aftermath of the COVID-19 pandemic? According to this year’s Global Innovation Tracker, new breakthrough technologies continue to provide novel opportunities but the societal impact of innovation remains low.

Learn about the latest innovation trends in the Global Innovation Tracker.

Statistics showing the percentage of science and innovation investments

Science and innovations investments

Statistics showing technological progress in various fields

Technological progress

Statistics showing the adoption of technology in various fields

Technology adoption

Statistics showing the socioeconomic impact of innovations in 2022

Socioeconomic impact

About the Global Innovation Index

Now in its 16th edition, the Global Innovation Index is a leading reference for measuring an economy’s innovation ecosystem performance. Published annually, it is also a valuable benchmarking tool used by policymakers, business leaders, and other stakeholders to assess progress in innovation over time.

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What is the Global Innovation Index?

Satellite picture of the earth as a thumbnail of a video explaining what is the Global Innovation Index

Previous editions of the Global Innovation Index

Global Innovation Index 2022

2022 – What is the future of innovation-driven growth?

The GII 2022 provided a stance on whether stagnation and low productivity growth are here to stay, or whether we are about to enter a new era, where new innovation spurts like the Digital Age and the Deep Science Innovation waves bring about an economic uplift.

A light bulb showing innovative ideas as an abstract representation of the Global Innovation Index 2021

2021 - Tracking Innovation through the COVID-19 Crisis

The GII 2021 presented the most recent global innovation trends in the new Global Innovation Tracker. This edition also focused on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on innovation.

A 20 bank note as an abstract representation of the Global Innovation Index 2020

2020 – Who Will Finance Innovation?

The GII 2020 shed light on the state of innovation financing by investigating the evolution of existing mechanisms and pointing to progress and remaining challenges.

DNA as an abstract representation of the Global Innovation Index 2019

2019 – The Future of Medical Innovation

The GII 2019 analyzed the medical innovation landscape of the next decade, looking at how technological and non-technological medical innovation will transform the delivery of healthcare worldwide.