World Intellectual Property Organization

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works

Algeria

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on March 30, 1998, in which the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Argentina

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Argentine Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 23, 1971. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Argentine Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Australia

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 21, 1971. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Commonwealth of Australia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Brussels Act (1948) subject to the specific declaration that the Government of the Commonwealth of Australia accepts the provisions of Article 11 of the Convention on the understanding that it remains free to enact such legislation as it considers necessary in the public interest to prevent or deal with any abuse of the monopoly rights conferred upon owners of copyright by the law of the Commonwealth of Australia.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

Bahamas

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 22 to 38: With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Bahrain

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the State of Bahrain declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Bangladesh

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Belgium

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on May 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Kingdom of Belgium, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Benin

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of Dahomey in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 25, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of Dahomey, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Paris Act (1971): Subject to the reservation concerning the right of translation.

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Brazil

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of Brazil in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on June 9, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, Brazil, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Bulgaria

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) Articles 22-38 accompanied by the following declaration: "The People's Republic of Bulgaria is of the opinion that the provisions of Article 31 concerning the application of the Convention by any country of the Union to the territories for the external relations of which it is responsible are contrary to the Declaration of the United Nations General Assembly of December 14, 1960 on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples." (Translation).

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) Articles 22-38 subject to the following reservation: "The People's Republic of Bulgaria does not consider itself bound by the provisions of Article 33(1) concerning the compulsory jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice. Any dispute between the countries of the Union concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention, not settled by negotiation, may be brought before the International Court of Justice, only if the parties concerned expressly agree in each particular case." (Translation).
This reservation was withdrawn on May 3, 1994.

Stockholm Act (1967): Bulgaria availed itself of the reservation provided for in Article 33(2), declaring that it did not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph (1) of that Article.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the People's Republic of Bulgaria in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on March 24, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the People's Republic of Bulgaria, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Signature of the Stockholm Act (1967) included the following declaration: "The People's Republic of Bulgaria declares that it will admit the application of the provisions of the Protocol Regarding Developing Countries to works in respect of which it is the country of origin in regard to developing countries which, becoming bound by Article 5(1)(a), have made the reservations authorized by the Protocol."

Cameroon

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited by the Government of the United Republic of Cameroon, in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(1) of the Paris Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on December 29, 1972. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the United Republic of Cameroon, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, until the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that is to say until April 26, 1975, exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convection, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Federal Republic of Cameroon in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 22, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Federal Republic Cameroon, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Chile

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of Chile in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on June 21, 1973. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of Chile, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

China

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the People's Republic of China declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Congo

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited by the Government of the People's Republic of the Congo, in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(1) of the Paris Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on January 23, 1973. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the People's Republic of the Congo, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, until the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that is to say until April 26, 1975, exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Côte d'Ivoire

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of the Ivory Coast in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on August 21, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of the Ivory Coast, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Croatia

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited on March 30, 2000, in which the Government of the Republic of Croatia withdrew the declaration made under Article 30(2)(a) of the Berne Convention as revised at Paris on July 24, 1971, concerning the retention of the benefit of the reservation previously formulated in regard to Article 8 of the said Convention as revised at Brussels on June 26, 1948.

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Cuba

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Cuba declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Cyprus

Paris Act (1971): Subject to the reservation concerning the right of translation.

Czech Republic

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) by the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was accompanied by the following declaration: "Acceding to the Convention we declare that the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic does not consider itself bound by provisions of Article 33, paragraph 1 and that the provisions of Article 31 are in contradiction with the Declaration of the United Nations General Assembly on granting independence to colonial countries and peoples". (Translation)
This declaration was withdrawn on June 11, 1991 by the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on August 4, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Democratic People's Republic of Korea

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Denmark

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number IV, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect to the production of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.

Egypt

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on March 12, 1990, in which the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Estonia

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
(2) Article 11, paragraph 2, of the Act is replaced by Article 9, paragraph 2, of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the right to authorize the public performance of translations of dramatic or dramatico-musical works.

Finland

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number IV, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect to the production of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.

France

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the French Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on June 8, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the French Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 2, paragraph 4, of the Act is replaced by the relevant provisions of the texts adopted prior to the Berlin Act, 1908 (Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886), in respect of works of art applied to industry.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: In respect to the protection of works of art applied to industry, Article 2, paragraph 4, of the Act is replaced by Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886, (N.B. the latter article does not include said works among literary and artistic works).

Gabon

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Gabonese Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 24, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Gabonese Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Germany

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 1 to 21: This State has declared that it admits the application of the Appendix of the Paris Act to works of which it is the State of origin by States which have made a declaration under Article VI(1)(i) of the Appendix or a notification under Article I of the Appendix. The declarations took effect on October 18, 1973, for Germany, on March 8, 1974, for Norway and on September 27, 1971, for the United Kingdom.

Paris Act (1971): Objection by the Federal Republic of Germany (July 23, 2004): "The Federal Republic of Germany hereby raises an objection to the declaration on 23 March 2004 by the Republic of Turkey concerning Article 33(1) of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of 9 September 1886, as revised at Paris on 24 July 1971. The declaration runs contrary to Article 33(2) of the Convention according to which a state can only declare that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of Article 33(1) at the time it signs the Convention as revised at Paris on 24 July 1996 or deposits its instrument of ratification or accession".

Greece

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Kingdom of Greece in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 21, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Kingdom of Greece, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

In acceding to the Brussels Act (1948), as of January 6, 1957, Greece did not wish to retain the benefit of any reservations previously formulated on its behalf.

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservations: Articles 8 and 11 of the Act are replaced by Articles 5 and 9 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works, and the right of public performance of dramatic, dramatico-musical works.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
(2) Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the reproduction of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.
(3) Article 11 of the Act is replaced by Article 9 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the right of public performance of dramatic, dramatico-musical and musical works.

Guatemala

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Guinea

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Revolutionary People's Republic of Guinea declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Holy See

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Holy See in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 16, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Holy See, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Hungary

Ratification of the Paris Act (1971) Articles 22-38 contained the following declaration: "The Hungarian People's Republic declares that the provisions in Article 31(1) of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of September 9, 1886, as revised at Paris on July 24, 1971, are contrary to the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, contained in United Nations General Assembly resolution 1514 (XV) of December 14, 1960." (Translation).

Ratification of the Paris Act (1971) Articles 22-38 subject to the following reservation: " Pursuant to the provisions of Article 33(2) of the Convention, the Presidential Council of the Hungarian People's Republic declares that is does not consider itself bound by the provisions of Article 33(1)." (Translation).
This reservation was withdrawn on December 18, 1989.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Hungarian People's Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 14, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Hungarian People's Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Iceland

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of translation into the Icelandic language.

India

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on June 7, 1984, in which the Government of the Republic of India renewed the declaration made on February 11, 1984, in which it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Ratification of the Paris Act (1971) Articles 1 to 21 included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of India declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 1 to 21: This State notified the designation of the competent authority provided by Article 15(4) of the Paris Act.

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 1 to 21: This State declared that its ratification shall not apply to the provisions of Article 14bis(2)(b) of the Paris Act (presumption of legitimation for some authors who have brought contributions to the making of the cinematographic work).

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 22 to 38: With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of India in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(1) of the Paris Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on November 19, 1973. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of India, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, until the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that is to say until April 26, 1975, exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

Indonesia

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Ireland

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of Ireland in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on March 4, 1968. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, Ireland, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

In acceding to the Brussels Act (1948), as of July 5, 1959, Ireland did not wish to retain the benefit of any reservation previously formulated on its behalf.

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of translation into the Irish language.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.

Israel

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Italy

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Italian Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on April 29, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Italian Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

The reservations included in the ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) were abandoned by Italy upon the date of entry into force of the Rome Act (1928): August, 1, 1931.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
(2) Article 11, paragraph 2, of the Act is replaced by Article 9, paragraph 2, of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the right to authorize the public performance of translations of dramatic or dramatico-musical works.

Jamaica

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of Jamaica declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Japan

Ratification of the Paris Act (1971) accompanied by the following declaration: "The Government of Japan declares, in accordance with Article 30(2)(a) of the said Convention, that it intends to retain until December 31, 1980, the benefit of the reservation which it previously formulated, namely, that it intends to remain bound by the provisions of Article 5 of the Berne Convention of September 9, 1886, as amended by Section III of Article 1 of the Additional Act signed at Paris on May 4, 1896, in respect of the authors' exclusive right, referred to in Article 8 of the said Convention, of making or of authorizing the translation of their works." (Translation).

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of Japan in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 17, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, Japan, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Ratification of the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
Japan declared that it intended to retain the benefit of this reservation until December 31, 1980.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.

Jordan

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Latvia

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.

Lesotho

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Kingdom of Lesotho declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Liberia

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Liberia declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Libya

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) accompanied by the following declaration: "The Government of the Libyan Arab Republic also considers it necessary to declare that the provisions of Article 31 of the Berne Convention, providing for the possibility of the application of the said Convention to colonies and dependent territories, are in contradiction with the Charter of the United Nations and Resolution 1514 (XV) of December 14, 1960, of the General Assembly of the United Nations." (Translation)

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Lithuania

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Luxembourg

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on March 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Malaysia

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of Malaysia declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Malta

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 22 to 38: With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of Malta in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 21, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, Malta, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Mauritania

Accession to the Stockholm Act (1967) was accompanied by a declaration in which Mauritania availed itself, for a period of ten years in the first instance, of the reservations provided in Article 1 of the Protocol Regarding Developing Countries.

Mauritius

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of Mauritius declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Mexico

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on March 8, 1984, in which the Government of the United Mexican States renewed the declaration made on May 20, 1976, in which it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on May 20, 1976, in which the Government of the United Mexican States declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited by the Government of the United Mexican States, in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(1) of the Paris Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 18, 1973. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, Mexico, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, until the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that is to say until April 26, 1975, exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Brussels Act (1948) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation.

Monaco

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Principality of Monaco in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on December 14, 1972. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Principality of Monaco, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Mongolia

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Mongolia declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Montenegro

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Morocco

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 14, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Kingdom of Morocco, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Nepal

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Netherlands

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 11, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Kingdom of the Netherlands, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number IV, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect to the production of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.
(2) Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
(3) Article 11, paragraph 2, of the Act is replaced by Article 9, paragraph 2, of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the right to authorize the public performance of translations of dramatic or dramatico-musical works.

New Zealand

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

Niger

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, a notification was deposited on March 14, 1978, in which the Government of the Republic of the Niger declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of the Niger in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on June 26, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of the Niger, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Norway

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 1 to 21: This State has declared that it admits the application of the Appendix of the Paris Act to works of which it is the State of origin by States which have made a declaration under Article VI(1)(i) of the Appendix or a notification under Article I of the Appendix. The declarations took effect on October 18, 1973, for Germany, on March 8, 1974, for Norway and on September 27, 1971, for the United Kingdom.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Kingdom of Norway in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 22, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Kingdom of Norway, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

The reservations to the Berlin Act (1908) were abandoned by Norway as of December 12, 1931.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the reproduction of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.
(2) Article 2 of the Act which includes architectural works as such among literary and artistic works is replaced by Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in so far as Article 4 provides that literary and artistic works shall include plans, sketches and plastic works relative to architecture.
(3) Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the application of the Berlin Act to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in their country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

Oman

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Pakistan

Accession to the Stockholm Act (1967) subject to the following declaration: With reference to Article 5(1)(a) of the Protocol Regarding Developing Countries, Pakistan intends to apply for a period of ten years in the first instance the reservations provided in Article 1 of the said Protocol, with the exception of the reservation provided in paragraph (a) of that Article.

Philippines

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Poland

Stockholm Act (1967): Poland availed itself of the reservation provided for in Article 33(2), declaring that it did not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph (1) of that Article.

Signature of the Stockholm Act (1967) included the following declaration: "When signing the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works of September 9, 1886, revised at Stockholm on July 14, 1967, the Polish People's Republic made the following declaration: The provisions of Article 31 of the Berne Convention, giving member States the right to extend the effects of the said Convention to the territories for the external relations of which they are responsible, are out-of-date and contrary to Resolution No. 1514/XV passed by the General Assembly of the UN on December 14, 1960."

Portugal

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to the provisions of Article 14bis(2)(c) of the Paris Act, this State has made a declaration to the effect that the undertaking by authors to bring contributions to the making of a cinematographic work must be in a written agreement. This declaration was received on November 5, 1986.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Portuguese Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on August 25, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Portuguese Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Republic of Moldova

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) subject to the following declaration: "The provisions of the present Convention do not apply to the works which were public property on the territory of the Republic of Moldova by December 31, 1994." (Translation provided by the Government of the Republic of Moldova.)

Romania

Ratification of the Stockholm Act (1967) subject to the following reservation: "The Socialist Republic of Romania declares, in conformity with the provisions of Article 33, paragraph (2), of the Convention, that it does not consider itself bound by the provisions of paragraph (1) of that Article.
The opinion of the Socialist Republic of Romania, is that disputes concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention can be brought before the International Court of Justice only with the consent of the parties concerned, in each particular case." (Translation).

Ratification of the Stockholm Act (1967) subject to the following declarations:
"(a) The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania declares, in conformity with Article 7, paragraph (7), of the Convention, that it intends to maintain the provisions of the national legislation of the Socialist Republic of Romania in force at the time of signature of the Convention and relating to the term of protection.
(b) The Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania considers that the maintenance of the state of dependence of certain territories to which reference is made in Article 31 of the Convention is not in accordance with the declaration on the granting of independence to colonial countries and peoples, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations on December 14, 1960, by Resolution 1514 (XV), in which is stressed the need to bring an end rapidly and unconditionally to colonialism in all its forms and manifestations." (Translation).

Accession to the Berne Additional Protocol (1914) subject to the following reservation: Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the reproduction of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the reproduction of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.

Russian Federation

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) subject to the following declaration: "It is understood that the effects of the above mentioned Convention shall not extend to the works which, at the date of entry into force of the said Convention in respect of the Russian Federation are already in the public domain in its territory." (Translation)
This declaration was withdrawn on January 31, 2013.

Saint Lucia

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Samoa

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculty provided for in Article II of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Senegal

Stockholm Act (1967): "With reference to Articles 1 and 5 of the Protocol Regarding Developing Countries which forms an integral part of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, the Government of Senegal intends to apply the provisions of that Protocol to works whose country of origin is a country of the Berne Union which will become bound by Articles 1 to 21 of the said Act and by the Protocol, or which, will admit such application in conformity with the aforesaid Article 5."

Serbia

Paris Act (1971): Subject to the reservation concerning the right of translation.

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Singapore

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Singapore declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Slovakia

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) by the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic was accompanied by the following declaration: "Acceding to the Convention we declare that the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic does not consider itself bound by provisions of Article 33, paragraph 1 and that the provisions of Article 31 are in contradiction with the Declaration of the United Nations General Assembly on granting independence to colonial countries and peoples". (Translation)
This declaration was withdrawn on June 11, 1991 by the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on August 4, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Slovenia

Paris Act (1971): Subject to the reservation concerning the right of translation.

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

South Africa

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 22 to 38: With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of South Africa in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 17, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of South Africa, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

Sri Lanka

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Ratification of the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation "...the Government of Ceylon... reserves for itself the right to enact local legislation for the translation of educational, scientific and technical books into the national language."

Sudan

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Suriname

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Suriname declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Sweden

Ratification of the Stockholm Act (1967) subject to the declaration provided for in Article 5(1)(b) of the Protocol Regarding Developing Countries to the effect that Sweden admits the application of the provisions of the said Protocol to works of which it is the country of origin by countries which, on becoming bound by Articles 1 to 21 of the Stockholm Act of the said Convention and by the Protocol, or on making a declaration of application of the Protocol by virtue of the provision of its Article 5(1)(a), have made reservations permitted under the Protocol.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect of the reproduction of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.

Syrian Arab Republic

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Thailand

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculty provided for in Article II of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) Articles 1 to 21 included a notification in which the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 2004.

Paris Act (1971) - Articles 22 to 38: With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservations:
(1) Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.
(2) Article 9 of the Act is replaced by Article 7 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number IV, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect to the production of articles published in newspapers or periodicals.
(3) In respect to the protection of works of art applied to industry, Article 2, paragraph 4, of the Act is replaced by Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886, (N.B. the latter article does not include said works among literary and artistic works).
(4) Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the exclusive right of authors to make or to authorize the translation of their works.
(5) Article 4, paragraph 2, of the Act is replaced by Article 2, paragraph 2, of the Berne Convention, 1886, in respect to the fulfilment of the conditions and formalities prescribed by the law of the country of origin of the work.
(6) Article 11 of the Act is replaced by Article 9 of the Berne Convention, 1886 and point 2 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in respect to the public performance of dramatic, dramatico-musical and musical works.

the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited on August 8, 1997, in which the Government of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia withdrew the declaration made under Article 30(2)(a) of the Berne Convention as revised at Paris on July 24, 1971, concerning the retention of the benefit of the reservation previously formulated in regard to Article 8 of the said Convention as revised at Brussels on June 26, 1948.

Paris Act (1971): Ratification by the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia is subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on July 20, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Brussels Act (1948): Ratification by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Rome Act (1928): Accession by the Kingdom of Yugoslavia subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the exclusive right of translation into the national languages of Yugoslavia.

Tunisia

Ratification of the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the Republic of Tunisia declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1984.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of Tunisia in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 18, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of Tunisia, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Rome Act (1928) subject to the following reservation: Article 2, paragraph 4, of the Act is replaced by the relevant provisions of the texts adopted prior to the Berlin Act, 1908 (Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886), in respect of works of art applied to industry.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: In respect to the protection of works of art applied to industry, Article 2, paragraph 4, of the Act is replaced by Article 4 of the Berne Convention, 1886, (N.B. the latter article does not include said works among literary and artistic works).

Turkey

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Stockholm Act (1967): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Republic of Turkey in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(2) of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on September 17, 1970. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Republic of Turkey, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, for five years from April 26, 1970, the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Accession to the Brussels Act (1948) subject to the following reservation: Article 8 of the Act is replaced by Article 5 of the Berne Convention, 1886, as modified by Article 1, Number III, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, with respect to the translations into the Turkish language.

Accession to the Berlin Act (1908) and the Berne Additional Protocol (1914) "subject to the conditions and reservations stipulated in Article 14 of the Commercial Convention signed at Lausanne on July 24, 1923".
This Commercial Convention provided for the accession of Turkey to the Berne Convention and to the Additional Protocol of 1914, subject to "such reservation as Turkey might formulate concerning the provisions of the aforementioned Convention and Protocol, with reference to the right of translation in the Turkish language, if the other signatory Powers of the Convention and Protocol have not themselves opposed the said reservation in the course of the year following the entry into force" of the Convention of Lausanne.
This treaty was signed by Turkey on the one hand, and by France, Great Britain, Greece, Italy, Japan, Romania and Yugoslavia on the other. None of these countries opposed the Turkish reservation.
In opposition to the reservation were Austria, Belgium, Czechoslovakia, Danzig, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland, and these countries did not consider themselves bound to Turkey.

Ukraine

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) subject to the following declaration: "According to Article 18(3) of the said Convention as so revised, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine declares that the above-mentioned Convention will not apply to literary and artistic works which on the date of entering into force by this Convention for Ukraine are already public domain on its territory."

United Arab Emirates

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

United Kingdom

Paris Act (1971): This State has declared that it admits the application of the Appendix of the Paris Act to works of which it is the State of origin by States which have made a declaration under Article VI(1)(i) of the Appendix or a notification under Article I of the Appendix. The declarations took effect on October 18, 1973, for Germany, on March 8, 1974, for Norway and on September 27, 1971, for the United Kingdom.

Accession to the Brussels Act (1948) subject to the specific declaration that the Government of this country accepts the provisions of Article 11 of the Act on the understanding that it remains free to enact such legislation as it considers necessary in the public interest to prevent or deal with any abuse of the monopoly rights conferred upon owners of copyright by the law of the United Kingdom.

Ratification of the Berlin Act (1908) subject to the following reservation: Article 18 of the Act is replaced by Article 14 of the Berne Convention, 1886, and Number 4 of the Final Protocol of the same date accompanying the latter Convention, in its version of Article 2, Number II, of the Paris Additional Act, 1896, in respect of the application of the Berlin Act, 1908, to works which have not yet fallen into the public domain in the country of origin at the time the Convention entered into force.

United Republic of Tanzania

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) included a notification in which the Government of the United Republic of Tanzania declared that it availed itself of the faculties provided for in Article II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration was effective until October 10, 1994.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Uruguay

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited by the Government of the Eastern Republic of Uruguay in which that Government indicated its desire to avail itself of the provisions of Article 38(1) of the Paris Act of the Berne Convention. This notification entered into force on the date of its receipt, that is, on November 19, 1973. Pursuant to the provisions of the said Article, the Eastern Republic of Uruguay, which was a member of the Berne Union, could, until the expiration of five years from the date of entry into force of the Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), that is to say until April 26, 1975, exercise the rights provided under Articles 22 to 26 of the Stockholm Act of the Berne Convention, as if it were bound by those Articles.

Uzbekistan

Paris Act (1971): A notification was deposited on January 8, 2014, in which the Government of the Republic of Uzbekistan withdrew the declaration made under Article 18 of the Berne Convention as revised at Paris on July 24, 1971, according to which the effects of the said Convention shall not extend to the works which, at the date of entry into force of the Convention with respect to the Republic of Uzbekistan, are already in the public domain in its territory.

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Accession to the Paris Act (1971) subject to the following declaration: "The Republic of Uzbekistan declares that the above mentioned Convention shall not apply to the literary and artistic works which on the date of entering into force of this Convention for the Republic of Uzbekistan are already public domain on its territory".

Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Viet Nam

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

Paris Act (1971): With the declaration provided for in Article 33(2) relating to the International Court of Justice.

Yemen

Paris Act (1971): Pursuant to Article I of the Appendix of the Paris Act, this State availed itself of the faculties provided for in Articles II and III of the said Appendix. The relevant declaration is effective until October 10, 2014.

 

Explore WIPO