Arbitration (Foreign Arbitral Awards) Act, Cap. 110A (Consolidated as of 1985)
- Arrangement of Sections
- Article 1: Citation
- Article 2: Interpretation
- New York Convention
- Schedule Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards
(Foreign Arbitral Awards)
ARBITRATI01 (FOREIGN ARBITRAL AWARDS)
ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS
1. Short title.
2. Definitions. New York Convention
- Providing adherence to convention.
- Effect of awards.
- Evidence to enforce awards.
- Refusal to enforce.
- Power to adjourn proceedings.
lHE LAWS OF BARBADOS Printed by the Government Prlntl"l Department, Bay Stre.t, St. Mlch.el. by the authority of the Government of Barbados
3 L.R.O.1985 CAP. llOA ss.I-2
(Foreign Arbitral All)arcisj
ARBITRATION (FOREIGN ARBITRAL AWARDS)
AnAct to give effect in Barbados to the New York Convention on 1980-19. the recognition and enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards.
S.L 1980/ Citation 168.
1. This Act may be cited as the Arbitration (Foreign Arbitral Short title. Awards)Act.
2. (1) In this Act,
- "arbitration agreement" means an agreement in writing to submit to arbitration a present or future difference that is capable of settlement by arbitration;
- "convention award" means an award made pursuant to an arbitration agreement in a state other than Barbados that is a party to the New York Convention;
- "New York Convention" means the Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards adopted by the United Nations Conference on Inter
national Commercial Arbitration on 10th June, 1958 and set out in the Schedule; Schedule.
(d) "state that is party to the New York Convention", in the case of a federal state whose constituent political sub divisions have legislative jurisdiction with respect to commercial arbitrations, includes a constituent political subdivision thereof that has given effect to the Conven tion by legislative or other action.
THE LAWS Of BARBADOS
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(2) For the purposes of paragraph (1) (a), the expression "agreement in writing" includes an agreement contained in.an exchange of letters, telegrams or telex messages.
New York Convention
Proving 3. A certificate purporting to be issued under the hand of adherence
the Minister responsible for External Affairs to the effect that a
state specified in the certiticate is a party to the New York
Convention is conclusive proof in any proceedings that the state is a party to the convention on the date of the certificate.
Effect of 4. (1) SUbject to this Act, a convention award is enforceable in awards.
Barbados either by action or in the same manner as the award of Cap. 110. an arbitrator is enforceable by section 29 of the Arbitration Act.
- A convention award that would be enforceable under this Act is binding for all purposes on the persons between whom it was made; and it may be relied upon by any of thos persons by way of defence, set-off or otherwise in any legal proceedings in Barbados.
- A reference in this Act to enforcing a convention award shall be construed as including references to relying on that award.
Evidence s. The party seeking to enforce a convention award must to enforce
- the duly authenticated original award or a duly certified copy of it;
- the original arbitration agreement or a duly certified copy of it; and
- a translation of the award or agreement certified by an official or sworn translator or by a diplomatic or consular agent, if the award or agreement is in a language other than English.
6. (1) Enforcement of a convention award may not be refused
except in the circumstances set out in this section.
(Foreign Arbitral Awards)
- Enforcement of a convention award may be refused if the person against whom it is invoked proves
- that a party to the arbitration agreement is under some incapacity under the law applicable to that party;
- that the arbitration agreement was not valid under the law to which the parties subjected it or, failing any indication thereoIi, under the law of the state where the award was made;
- that he was not given proper notice of the appointment of the arbitrator or of the arbitration proceedings or was otherwise unable to present his case;
- subject to subsection (4), that the award deals with a difference not contemplated by or not falling within the terms of the submission to arbitration or contains decisions on matters beyond the scope of the submission to arbitration;
- that the composition of the arbitral authority, or the arbitral procedure, was not in accordance with the agree
ment of the parties or, failing that, .with the law of the state where the arbitration took place; or
- that the award has not yet become binding on the parties, or has been set aside or suspended by a competent authority in the state in which, or under the law of which, the award was made.
- Enforcement of a convention award may also be refused if the award is in respect of a matter that is not capable of settlement by arbitration or if it would be contrary to public policy to enforce the award.
- A convention award that contains decisions on matters not submitted to arbitration may be enforced to the extent that it contains decisions on matters submitted to arbitration that can
be separated from those on matters not so submitted.
7. (1) When an application for the setting aside or suspension Power to adjourn
of a convention award has been made to a competent authority of
the state in which, or under the law of which, the award was
made, the court before which enforcement of the award is sought may, if it thinks fit , adjourn the proceedings.
TIlE LAWS Of BARBADOS
Printed by th. Government Prlntllll Department. Bay Str.et. St. Mlchael,
by the authority of the Government of Barbados
,>.K CAP. 110A L. R. O.1985
hJ/ci,\;II. IriJitr,i/ . t u ' cm !.,)
Saving. Cap. 110.
- The court hearing an application described in subsection
- may. on the application of the party seeking to enforce the a ward. order the other party to give security.
8. Not hing in this Act affects any right to enforce or rely on an award made under the Arbitration Act or otherwise.
CONVENTION ON THE RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT OF FOREIGN ARBITRAL AWARDS
Adopted hy the Ullited Nllliolls COII/i>reIlCI' ollllltf'rllatiollal
CO/llm ercial Arhitratioll. JUII!' 10.1958
- This Convention shall apply to the recognitIOn and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of a state other than the state where the recognition and enforcement of such awards are sought, and arising out of differences between persons. whether physical or legal. It shall also apply to arbitral awards not considered as domestic awards in the state where their recognition and enforcement are sought.
- The term "arbitral awards" shall include not only awards made by arbitrators appointed for each case but also those made by permanent arbitral bodies to which the parties have submitted.
- When signing, ratifying or acceding to this Convention, or notifying extension under Article X hereof, any state may on the basis of reciprocity declare that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. It may also declare that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercial under the national law of the state making such declaration.
7 L.R.O.1985 CAP. IlOA Sch.
(f'oreiJ.!H A rbitral Awards)
1. Each Contracting State shall recognise an agreement in writing under which the parties undertake to submit to arbitration all or
any differences which have arisen or which may arise between them in respect of a detined legal relationship, whether contractual or not. concerning a subject matter capable of settlement by arbitration.
- The term "agreement in writing" shall include an arbitral clause in in a contract or an arbitration agreement, signed by the parties or contained in an exchange of letters or telegrams.
- The court of a Contracting State, when seized of an action in a matter in respect of which the parties have made an agreement within the meaning of this article, shall, at the request of one of the parties, refer the parties to arbitration, unless it finds that the said agreement is null and void, inoperative or incapable of being performed.
Each Contracting State shall recognise arbitral awards as binding and enforce them in accordance with the rules of procedure of the territory where the award is relied upon, under the conditions laid down in the following articles. There shall not be imposed substantially more onerous conditions or higher fees or charges on the recognition or enforcement of arbitral awards to which this Convention applies than are imposed on the recognition or enforcement of domestic arbitral awards.
1. To obtain the recognition and enforcement mentioned in the pre
ceding article, the party applying for recognition and enforcement shall, at
the time of the application, supply:
(u) the duly authenticated original award or a dl'y certified copy thereof;
(b) the original agreement referred to in Article II or a duly certified copy thereof.
2. If the said award or agreement is not made in an otlicial language of the country in which the award is relied upon, the party applying for recognition and enforcement of the award shall produce a translation of these documents into such language. The translation shall be certified by an otlicial or sworn translator or by a diplomatic or consular agent.
mE LAWS Of BARBADOS Printed by the Government Printing Deportment, Bay Street, St. Michael, by the authority of the Government of Barbado,
(Foreign Arbitral Awards)
1. Recognition and enforcement of the award may be refused. at the request of the party against whom it is invoked, only if that party furnishes to the competent authority where the recognition and enforcement is sought. proof that:
- the parties to the agreement referred to in Article II were. under the law applicable to them, under some incapacity or the said agree ment is not valid under the law to which the parties have subjected it or, failing any indication thereon, under the law of the country where the award was made; or
- the party against whom the award is invoked was not given proper notice of the appointment of the arbitrator or of the arbitration pro ceedings or was otherwise unable to present his case; or
- the award deals with a difference not contemplated by or not falling within the terms of the submission to arbitration, or it contains deci sions on matters beyond the scope of the submission to arbitration, pro vided that, if thl! decisions on matters submitted to arbitration can be separated from those not so submitted, that part of the award which contains decisions on matters submitted to arbitration may be recognized and enforced; or
- the composition of the arbitral authority or the arbitral procedure was not in accordance with the agreement of the parties, or, failing such agreement, was not in accordance with the law of the country where the arbitration took place; or
- the award has not yet become binding on the parties, or has been set aside or suspended by a competent authority of the country in which, or under the law of which, that award was made.
2. Recognition and enforcement of an arbitral award may also be refused if
the competent authority in the country where recognition and enforcement is sought finds that: -"
- the subject matter of the difference is not capable of settlement by arbitration under the law of that country; or
- the recognition or enforcement of the award would be contrary to the public policy of that country.
q L. R.O. 19H5
h>rcigll .hiJitr<li AlI'drcls)
A RT1CLE VI
Ifan application for the setting aside or suspension of the award has been made to a competent authority referred to in ArticleV(1) (e). the authority before which the award is sought to be relied upon may. if it considers it proper. adjourn the decision on the enforcement of the award and may also. on the application of the j.Jarty claiming enforcement of the award. order the other party to give suitable security.
I. The provisions of the present Convention shall not affect the validitv of
' multilateral or bilateral agreements concerning the recognition and enfo rcement of arbitral awards entered into by the Contracting States nor deprive any interested party of any right he may have to avail himself of an arbitral award in the manner and to the extent allowed by the law or the treaties of the country where such award is sought to be relied upon.
2. The Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923 and the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927 shall cease to have etfect between Contracting States on their becoming bound and to the extent that they become bound. by this Convention.
A RTlCLE VJII
I. This Convention shall be open until 31 December Ii.)5H for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and also on behalf of any other state which is or hereafter becomes a member of any specialized agency of the United Nations, or which is or hereafter becomes a party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice. or any other state to which an invitation has been addressed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
2. This Convention shall be ratitied and the instrument of ratiticat ion shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
- This Convention shall be open for accession to all states referred to in Article VIII.
- Accession shall be etlected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
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- Any state may, at the time of signature. ratification or accession. declare that this Convention shall extend to all or any of the territories for the international relations of which it is responsible. Such a declaration shall take effect when the Convention enters into force for the state concerned.
- At any time thereafter any such extension shall be made by notification addressed to the Secretary-General of the United Nations and Sh,lll take effect as from the ninetieth day after the day of receipt by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of this notification, or as from the date of entry into force of the Convention for the state concerned, whichever is the later.
- With respect to those territories to which this Convention is lH't extended at the time of signature. ratification or accession. each state concerned shall consider the possibility of taking the necessary steps in order to extend the application of this Convention to such territories. subject, where necessary for constitutional reasons. to the consent of the governments of such terrilorie,.
In the case of a federal or non-unitary state, the following provisions shall apply:
- With respect to those articles of this Convention that come within the legislative jurisdiction of the federal authority. the obligations of the federal government shall to this extent be the same as those of Contracting Slates which are not federal states;
- With respect to those articles of this Convention that come within the legislative jurisdiction of constituent states or provinces whieh are not. under the constitutional system of the federation, bound to take legislative acti(,n. the federal government shall bring such articles with a favourable recommendation to the notice of the appropriate authorities of constituent states or provinces at the earliest possible moment;
- A federal state party to this Convention shall. at the request of any other Contracting State transmitted through the Secretary-General of the Unitecl Nations, supply a statement of law and practice of the federation and its constituent units in regard to any particular provision of this Convention. showing the extent to which effect has been given to that provision by legislative or other action.
1. This Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the third instrument of ratification or accession.
11 L.R.O.1985 CAP. 110A Sch.
(Foreign Arbitral Awards)
2. For each state ratifying or acceding to this Convention after the deposit of the third instrument of ratification or accession. this Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day after deposit by such state of its instrument of ratification or accession.
- Any Contracting State may denounce this Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunciation shal1 take effect one year after the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
- Any state which has made a declaration or notification under Article X may, at any time thereafter, by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, declare that this Convention shall cease to extend to the territory concerned one year after the date of the receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
- This Convention shall continue to be applicable to arbitral awards in respect of which recognition or enforcement proceedings have been instituted before the denunciation takes effect.
A Contracting State shall not be entitled to avail itself of the present Convention against other Contracting States except to the extent that it is itself bound to apply the Convention.
The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify the states contemplated in Article VIII of the fol1owing:
- Signature and ratifications in accordance with Article VIII;
- Accessions in accordance with Article IX;
- Declarations and notifications under Articles I, X andXI;
- The date upon which this Convention enters into force in accordance with Article XII;
- Denunciations and notifications in accordance with Article XI II.
THE LAWS OF BARBADOS Printed by the Government PrlnUIIi Department, Bay Street, St. Mlchael, by the authority of the Government of Barbados
I. Thi\ Comention. of which the Chinese. English. French. Russian and Spanish texts shall be equally authentic. shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.
I Here follow the annexes and signatures on behalf of the Governments of Antigua. Australia. Austria. Belgium. Benin. Botswana. Bulgaria. Byelorussian SSR. Central African Empire. Chile. Costa Rica. Cuba. Czechoslovakia. Democratic' Kampuchea. Denmark. Ecuador. Egypt. El Sahador. Finland. France. German Democratic Republic. Germany. Federal Republic of. Ghana. Greece. Holy See. Hungary. India. Israel. Italy. Japan. Jordan. Kuwait. Luxembourg. Madagascar. Mexico. Monaco. Morocco.
Netherlands. Niger. Nigeria. Norway. Pakistan. Phillipines. Poland .
Republic of Korea. Romania. San Marino. South Africa. Spain. Sri Lanka. *
Sweden. Switzerland. Syrian Arab Republic . Thailand. Trinidad and *
Tobago. Tunisia . Ukrainian SSR. Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. United Kingdom. United Republic of Tanzania. United States of America. )
*An asterisk beside the name of a country indicates that that country signed the convention with one or more reservations.