World Intellectual Property Organization

Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage

Brazil

Brazil declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Bulgaria

Bulgaria declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Cabo Verde

Cape Verde declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Denmark

Denmark declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

France

France declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Germany

Germany declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Holy See

Holy See declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Iraq

Reservation made upon acceptance:
"Entry into the above Convention by the Republic of Iraq shall, however, in no way signify recognition of Israel or be conducive to entry into relations with it."

Israel

On 31 January 2012, the Director-General received a communication dated 17 January 2012 from the Permanent Delegation of Israel to UNESCO containing the following declaration:
"The Embassy of the State of Israel presents its compliments to the Secretariat of UNESCO and has the honour to refer to the notification regarding the accession of "Palestine" to the Convention concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage of 1972.
The Government of the State of Israel objects to that accession as it contradicts Article II of the Constitution of UNESCO as well as the established norms and practices of International Law.
The Government of the State of Israel requests that the Secretariat of UNESCO communicate the aforesaid objection of the State of Israel to all State Members of the Convention and include this declaration in its electronic or other publications.
The Embassy of the State of Israel avails itself of this opportunity to renew to the Secretariat of UNESCO the assurances of its highest consideration." [Original: English]

Reservation made on March 22, 1982:
"The instrument deposited by the Government of Oman contains a declaration of a political character in respect to Israel. In the view of the Government of the State of Israel, this Convention is not the proper place for making such political pronouncements, which are, moreover, in flagrant contradiction to the principles and purposes of the Convention.
This Declaration by the Government of Oman cannot, in any way, affect whatever obligations are binding upon Oman under general international law or under particular conventions. The Government of the State of Israel will, in so far as concerns the substance of the matter, adopt towards the Government of Oman an attitude of complete reciprocity."

Norway

Norway declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Oman

Oman declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Reservation made upon acceptance:
"The acceptance of the Convention does not imply the recognition of the State of Israel and that no treaty relations will arise between the Sultanate of Oman and Israel."

Republic of Moldova

Moldova declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

South Africa

South Africa declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

Syrian Arab Republic

Reservation made upon acceptance:
"The accession of the Syrian Arab Republic to the Convention adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO at its seventeenth session on 16 November 1972 and its ratification by the Syrian Arab Government do not mean in any way its recognition of Israel and cannot result in the establishment of a direct contact with it that might be stipulated by the said Convention.
The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic views that the obligation emanated in Article 4 covers the occupied Arab territories and consequently, the Israeli occupation authorities are under obligation to preserve the cultural and natural heritage existing in the occupied territories in view of the fact that occupation does not eliminate sovereignty and that the occupation authorities are considered internationally responsible for any attenuation of the cultural and natural heritage even if Israel has not acceded to the Convention.
The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic views that paragraph 3 of Article 6 binds in its obligations therein contained the authorities occupying territories by force.
The Government of the Syrian Arab Republic views that the international cooperation system stipulated in Article 7 binds the Member States to exert all possible aid to the State whose part of its territories is occupied for the sake of preserving the natural and cultural heritage in the occupied territories against the aggressions of the occupying authorities."

United States of America

United States of America declared not to be bound by the provisions of Article 16, paragraph 1.

 

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