World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO Lex

WIPO Lex is a one-stop search facility for national laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP) of WIPO, WTO and UN Members. It also features related information which elaborates, analyzes and interprets these laws and treaties. It provides streamlined access to reference material of key importance for optimal information on the global IP System.

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Brazil: The Decree No. 8.772 of May 11, 2016, regulating Law No. 13.123 of May 20, 2015, which was published in the Federal Official Gazette on May 12, 2016, came into force on May 13, 2016. It implements Law No. 13.123 of May 20, 2015 (Access and Benefits Sharing of Genetic Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge), which regulates access to components of the genetic heritage, protection of and access to associated traditional knowledge and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits for the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

United States of America: The Defend Trade Secrets Act of 2016 (Public Law No. 114-153) was passed by the Congress on April 27, 2016. It was signed into law by the President and became Public Law No. 114-153 on May 11, 2016. The Act makes important amendments to the Economic Espionage Act of 1996, 18 U.S.C. §§ 1831 et seq., which include inter alia: (i) creating a federal private civil action and a federal civil remedy such as damage, injunction and civil seizure order for trade secret misappropriation; (ii) adding definitions for "misappropriation" of trade secrets and "improper means" to acquire trade secrets; (iii) increasing the maximum penalty for trade secret theft from $5 million to the greater of $5 million or 3 times the value of the stolen trade secret; (iv) and providing immunity to employees from liability (whistleblower protection) for confidential disclosure of information to the government or in a court filing.

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