World Intellectual Property Organization

WIPO Lex

WIPO Lex is a one-stop search facility for national laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP) of WIPO, WTO and UN Members. It also features related information which elaborates, analyzes and interprets these laws and treaties. It provides streamlined access to reference material of key importance for optimal information on the global IP System.

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Republic of Korea: The Act No. 11962 of July 30, 2013, on Partial Amendment to the Patent Attorney Act, which introduces amendments to the Patent Attorney Act, the Patent Act, the Utility Model Act, the Trademark Act and the Industrial Design Protection Act was adopted on July 30, 2013, and entered into force on January 31, 2014. Among others, the amendments refer to the extension of the scope of the term "legal representative" as an IP rights applicant of the IP rights holders. Accordingly, a legal representative is not only a patent corporation but also a liability-limited company (LLC), a legal form of company created and operated by more than five patent attorneys-at-law.

Turkmenistan: The Code of Turkmenistan on Administrative Offenses was adopted on August 29, 2013, and came into force on January 1, 2014. Among others, the Code stipulates liability for administrative offenses in the field of intellectual property rights. Article 342 imposes administrative fines or imprisonment for infringement of intellectual property rights including copyrights, patents, industrial design rights and selective breeding achievements.

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