World Intellectual Property Organization


WIPO Lex is a one-stop search facility for national laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP) of WIPO, WTO and UN Members. It also features related information which elaborates, analyzes and interprets these laws and treaties. It provides streamlined access to reference material of key importance for optimal information on the global IP System.

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France: The Decree No. 2016-504 of April 22, 2016, on the Profession of Industrial Property Agents, which came into force on April 25, 2016, introduces amendments to Articles R421-1, R421-1-1, R421-5, R421-7, R421-8, R422-7-1 and R423-2 of Title II, Book IV, Regulatory Part of the Intellectual Property Code. These amendments refer to the conditions under which industrial property agents are allowed to use advertising and personalized solicitations and to the modification of the rules of recognition of professional qualifications for practising as industrial property agents in order to implement Directive 2013/55/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of November 20, 2013.

Japan: The Act on the Partial Revision of the Patent Act and Other Acts (Act No. 55 of July 10, 2015) came into force on April 1, 2016. It amends the Patent Act, the Trademark Act, the Design Act and the Act on International Applications under the Patent Cooperation Treaty. The Act inter alia: (i) reviews the employee invention system by clarifying the elements to be considered for the "appropriate remuneration" of employees; (ii) revises the fee schedule for patents, trademarks and international searches concerning international applications; and (iii) establishes provisions regarding the Patent Law Treaty and the Singapore Treaty on the Law of Trademarks to implement the new procedures introduced along with Japan's accession to the Treaties, which came into force on June 11, 2016.

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