World Intellectual Property Organization


WIPO Lex is a one-stop search facility for national laws and treaties on intellectual property (IP) of WIPO, WTO and UN Members. It also features related information which elaborates, analyzes and interprets these laws and treaties. It provides streamlined access to reference material of key importance for optimal information on the global IP System.

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Australia: The Intellectual Property Laws Amendment Act 2015, which was passed by the Parliament on February 9, 2015, and received Royal Assent on February 25, 2015, will come into force in its entirety on August 25, 2015. It amends the Patents Act 1990, the Designs Act 2003, the Trade Marks Act 1995 and the Plant Breeder’s Rights Act 1994 in order to: (i) implement the Protocol amending the WTO TRIPS Agreement (TRIPS Protocol), which enables Australian pharmaceutical manufacturers to export patented medicines under a compulsory license to least-developed and developing countries in need; (ii) allow for a single patent application and examination processes for Australia and New Zealand and a single trans-Tasman patent attorney regime in the framework of the Single Economic Market (SEM) initiative; (iii) make minor administrative changes to the Patents, Trademarks and Designs Acts to repeal unnecessary document retention provisions that are governed solely by the Archives Act 1983; and (iv) enable the owners of plant breeder’s rights the option to take action in the Federal Circuit Court against alleged infringers.

Morocco: The Law No. 23-13 amending and supplementing Law No. 17-97 on the Protection of Industrial Property (promulgated by Dahir No. 1.14.188 of 27 muharram 1436 (November 21, 2014)) entered into force on December 18, 2014. It brings major amendments, which include the following: reform of the patent, trademark and industrial design system regarding the introduction of substantive examination proceedings and the filing of divisional applications; validation of the European patent applications and patents in Morocco; and strengthening of the enforcement of industrial property rights to combat counterfeiting and piracy.

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