Constitution of Botswana, 1966 (as amended up to 2006)

Year of Version:2006
Date of Entry into Force:September 30, 1966
Date of Text (Adopted):March 1965
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
The Bechuanaland Protectorate became the independent Republic of Botswana on September 30th, 1966 when its new Constitution entered into force. The most recent amendment of this fundamental law dates from 2006. The Constitution enshrines democratic values and establishes a national, sovereign, independent, unitary and indivisible state. Botswana is a Parliamentary Republic.

As the fundamental law of Republic of Botswana, the Constitution defines the structure of the government of Botswana, the rights and duties of the country’s citizens, the procedure for passing laws and specifies the principle of separation of powers and balance of the legislative, executive and judicial powers. Botswana has a bicameral Parliament that is made up of the National Assembly and the House of Chiefs. The executive branch is tasked with carrying out State functions. The President is both the Chief of State and the head of Government.
Botswana’s legal system is based on Roman-Dutch law and customary law.

The Constitution of Botswana does not contain any provisions concerning intellectual property. However, it guarantees the freedom of expression (Article 3 and Article 12) and the protection of private property (Article 8 and Article 9)
Available Texts: 

Constitution of Botswana, 1966 (as amended up to 2006) Constitution of Botswana, 1966 (as amended up to 2006), Complete document (pdf) [458 KB]

WIPO Lex No.:BW008