Constitution of the Republic of Yemen
Year of Version:
Date of Entry into Force:
Date of Text (Adopted):
April 22, 1990
Type of Text:
Constitution / Basic Law
The Constitution of the Republic of Yemen was adopted in 1990 following the unification of South and North Yemen. It has been amended three times, in 1994, in 2001 and 2009. According to Article 1 “The Republic of Yemen is an Arab, Islamic and independent sovereign state” where the source of legislation is the Islamic Sharia (Article 3).
As the fundamental law of Republic of Yemen, the Constitution defines the structure of the Government of Yemen, the rights and duties of the country’s citizens, the procedure for passing laws.
The Constitution of Yemen divided the state authority into three broad heads: The House of Representatives of Yemen is the legislative authority of the state (Article 62). The executive authority is vested in the President of the Republic and the Council of Ministers “within the limits stated in the Constitution” (Article 105).
The Judiciary authority is an autonomous authority in its judicial, financial and administrative aspects (Article 149).
The Constitution of Yemen contains specific provisions concerning intellectual property rights. Article 7 of the Constitution generally recognizes the right to private property. Article 155 guarantees the protection of national symbols.
The protection of producers and consumers and the prevention of monopoly are guaranteed in article 10. The freedom of scientific research and achievements of literary, artistic, cultural, the encouragement of the scientific inventions and technical and artistic creativity is recognized in article 27.
دستور الجمهورية اليمنية
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