World Intellectual Property Organization


The Constitution of The Republic of Namibia



Year of current version:2010
Date of entry into force of original text:March 21, 1990
Date of Text (Adopted):February 9, 1990
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
The current Constitution of Namibia was ratified on 9 February 1990 and effective on 12 March 1990, just before its independence from apartheid South Africa on 21 March 1990. It was amended at two occasions, in 1998 and 2010.
Before its independence, Namibia was named German South-West Africa (Sued-West Afrika).

The Constitution is the supreme law of Namibia (art. 1§6). Nambia has a mixed legal system of uncodified civil law based on Roman-Dutch law and customary law. The Executive branch of government is composed of the President, acting as chief of state, the Prime Minister as head of government and the Cabinet appointed by the president from among the members of the National Assembly.
The country has a bicameral legislature consisting of the National Council and the National Assembly.
The judicial branch is topped by the Supreme Court whose judges are appointed by the president on the recommendation of the Judicial Service Commission.

Art. 16 of the Constitution consecrates the right to property. In addition, the Namibian Constitution contains provisions concerning intellectual property rights. Art. 2 protects the national symbols and art. 9 establishes the right to culture.

This version contains both amendments of the Constitution.
Available Texts: 

The Constitution of The Republic of Namibia The Constitution of The Republic of Namibia, Complete document (pdf) [341 KB] The Constitution of The Republic of Namibia, Complete document (htm) [557 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

WIPO Lex No.:NA001

Explore WIPO