Constitution of the Republic of Malawi

Year of Version:2001
Date of Entry into Force:May 18, 1995
Date of Text (Adopted):May 16, 1994
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
The current Constitution of Malawi, which repealed the Constitution of 1966, provisionally was adopted on 16 May, 1994. It came into force a year thereafter on May 18 1995 and has been amended 5 times since, and last in 1998. The Constitution can be amended by a two thirds majority of the Assembly, but the amendment of its substance can be done only through referendum.

The Constitution, establishing a republican form of government, provides for the separation of judicial, legislative and executive powers.
The Executive is composed of the President acting as Head of State and Commander in Chief of the armed forces, two Vice Presidents and a Cabinet (Chapter VII of the Constitution).
The Legislature is made of a unicameral Parliament, vested with all legislative powers of the Republic. Parliament may delegate to the Executive or the Judiciary the power to make subsidiary legislation, provided that such legislation does not substantially and significantly affect the fundamental rights and freedoms recognized by the Constitution (Section 58).
The Judiciary is composed of a Supreme Court of Appeal, a High Court and Traditional Courts (Chapter IX of the Constitution).

The Constitution does not contain provisions that specifically refer to the protection of intellectual property rights, however, it provides for the right of every person “to use the language and to participate in the cultural life of his or her choice”. Furthermore, Article 28 guarantees the protection of property rights.
Available Texts: 

Constitution of the Republic of Malawi Constitution of the Republic of Malawi, Complete document (pdf) [594 KB]

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:MW002