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Costa Rica

Political Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica

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Costa Rica

Date of entry into force of original text:November 8, 1949
Date of Text (Adopted):November 7, 1949
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
Notes:
Costa Rica’s current Constitution was adopted by the National Constitutional Assembly on November 7, 1949. It has been amended 16 times since its adoption. Costa Rica is a democratic republic (Article 1).

The Constitution provides for the separation of powers. The legislative power is vested in the Legislative Assembly, the executive power is vested in the President of the Republic and the Ministers and the judicial power is vested in the courts.

The Constitution establishes the protection of the private property (Articles 41 and 45). It also protects the intellectual property Rights (Article 47). The Legislative Assembly is assigned to promote the 'progress of science and arts and to assure for a limited time, the ownership on the respective works and inventions of authors and inventors' (Article 121, numeral 18).
The Republic has the responsibility to
'to protect nature’s beauties, to preserve and develop the historical and artistic heritage of the Nation, and to support the private initiative for the scientific and artistic progress' (Article 89).
Available Texts: 
English

Political Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica Political Constitution of the Republic of Costa Rica, Complete document (pdf) [648 KB]

Spanish

Constitución Política de la República de Costa Rica Constitución Política de la República de Costa Rica, Complete document (pdf) [278 KB] Constitución Política de la República de Costa Rica, Complete document (htm) [233 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:CR039

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