World Intellectual Property Organization

Mexico

Federal Law on Consumer Protection

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Mexico

Date of entry into force of original text:December 25, 1992
Date of Text (Enacted):December 22, 1992
Type of Text:IP-related Laws: enacted by the Legislature
Subject Matter:Competition, Geographical Indications, Trademarks, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Notes:
Law published in the Official Journal of the Federation on December 24, 1992 - reform published DOF 19/08/2010

The purpose of this Law is to promote and protect the rights and the consumer culture while ensuring equity, certainty and legal security in the relationships between suppliers and consumers.

Some IP relevant provisions are:

Article 32. 'The information and advertising for goods, products or services disseminated by any means or form, shall be truthful, verifiable and free of texts, dialogues, sounds, images, trademarks, appellations of origin and other descriptions that lead or may lead to errors or confusion through misleading or wrongful terms.

For purposes of this Law, deceptive information and unfair or wrongful advertising are to be understood as those referring to features or information related to any good, product or service that even if true, mislead or confuse by way of its inaccuracy, falsehood, exaggeration, biased, contrived or misleading nature, in the way it is presented.

The information or advertising comparing products or services, even if it is of the same brand, may not be deceptive or abusive in terms of the paragraph above. The Enforcing Agency may issue guidelines for the verification of information or publicity in order to prevent the consumers to be misled or confused consumer by it.'

Article 89. 'The Enforcing Agency, when processing the registration of model adhesion contracts, may require the provider to produce enough commercial information in order to understand the nature of the act subject to the contract, only in cases where the information is confidential or subject to trade secrets.'
Available Texts: 
Spanish

Ley Federal de Protección al Consumidor Ley Federal de Protección al Consumidor, Complete document (pdf) [329 KB] Ley Federal de Protección al Consumidor, Complete document (htm) [581 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:MX050

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