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Australia

Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (consolidated as of 25 July 2003)

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Australia

Year of current version:2003
Date of entry into force of original text:January 1, 1901
Type of Text:Constitution / Basic Law
Subject Matter:Other
Notes:
The 1901 Constitution, the supreme law of the Federal Government of Australia (also known as the Commonwealth of Australia), unified the Australian colonies as a single nation and established the law under which the government of the Australian Commonwealth operates. The Constitution has successfully been amended 8 times by referendum and consolidated in 2003 (taking account of amendments up to Act No. 84 of 1977). It delineates the powers and duties of the legislative, executive, and judicial branches, details the division of powers between the federal and state governments, and reserves individual rights to the people.

The federal government of Australia has the Queen represented by the Governor-General and a bicameral parliament which consists of two Houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. These three elements make Australia a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary democracy.

The Constitution contains provisions that specifically refer to intellectual property by giving the Parliament the power to enact laws relating to patents, copyrights and trademarks. Section 51, Part V, Article 51(xviii) stipulates: “The Parliament shall, subject to this Constitution, have power to make laws for the peace, order and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to…(xviii): copyrights, patents of inventions and designs, and trademarks”.
Available Texts: 
English

Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (consolidated as of 25 July 2003) Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (consolidated as of 25 July 2003), Complete document (pdf) [114 KB] Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act (consolidated as of 25 July 2003), Complete document (htm) [300 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

WIPO Lex No.:AU171

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