World Intellectual Property Organization

Macao, China

Commercial Code (as approved by Decree-Law No. 40/99/M of August 3, 1999, and as amended up to Law No. 16/2009 of August 10, 2009, on Amendments to the Commercial Code)

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Macao, China

Year of current version:2009
Date of last amendment:October 10, 2009
Date of entry into force of original text:November 1, 1999
Date of Text (Issued):August 2, 1999
Type of Text:IP Laws: issued by the Executive
Subject Matter:Competition, Copyright and Related Rights (Neighboring Rights), Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Industrial Property, IP Regulatory Body, Other, Trade Names, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets)
Notes:
The Commercial Code is approved by Decree-Law No. 40/99/M of August 3, 1999, and published as an annex to this Decree-Law.
According to Article 3(1) of the Decree-Law, the following laws, among others, shall be repealed:
- Articles 49-53 of the Intellectual Property Code 1995 (approved by Decree-Law No. 16/95 of September 4, 1995), which has been repealed by the Intellectual Property Code 1999 (approved by Decree-Law No. 97/99/M of December 13, 1999)
- Articles 79-80 of Decree-Law No. 56/95/M of November 6, 1995, governing the Protection of Trademarks

The Commercial Code regulates the commercial enterprises, commercial entrepreneurs, commercial activities, negotiable instruments and the different kinds of commercial contracts.
It contains provisions relating to trade names (Book I, Title II); unfair competition (Articles 159-160, 162, 164-167); trade secrets (Articles 166-167, 629, 665, 671, 693, 696, 702, 726, 743); intellectual property & franchising (Articles 680, 682, 687-a & b, 689, 693, 695-b, 696, 700, 702, 706, 707-b); and copyright protection for advertising creations (Article 745).

The Commercial Code has been amended 3 times, most recently in 2009.
This consolidated version of the Commercial Code incorporates all the amendments up to Law No. 16/2009 of August 10, 2009, on Amendments to the Commercial Code.
For the amendments on IP provisions contained in the consolidated version, see Article 16 “Principle of novelty”; Article 17 “Obligation to use of Chinese and Portuguese”; and Article 23 “Firm of individual commercial entrepreneur”.

According to Article 2 of Decree-Law No. 48/99/M of September 27, 1999, on the Postponement of the Entry into Force of the Civil Code and the Commercial Code, the date of entry into force of the Commercial Code is postponed until November 1, 1999.
Available Texts: 
Chinese

商法典(1999年8月3日第40/99/M號法令核准,修訂至2009年8月10日第16/2009號法律:修改《商法典》) 商法典(1999年8月3日第40/99/M號法令核准,修訂至2009年8月10日第16/2009號法律:修改《商法典》), Complete document (pdf) [738 KB] 商法典(1999年8月3日第40/99/M號法令核准,修訂至2009年8月10日第16/2009號法律:修改《商法典》), Complete document (htm) [1272 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

Portuguese

Código Comercial (aprovado pelo Decreto-Lei nº 40/99/M de 3 de agosto de 1999, e alterado até a Lei nº 16/2009 de 10 de agosto de 2009 sobre a alteração do Código Comercial) Código Comercial (aprovado pelo Decreto-Lei nº 40/99/M de 3 de agosto de 1999, e alterado até a Lei nº 16/2009 de 10 de agosto de 2009 sobre a alteração do Código Comercial), Complete document (pdf) [899 KB] Código Comercial (aprovado pelo Decreto-Lei nº 40/99/M de 3 de agosto de 1999, e alterado até a Lei nº 16/2009 de 10 de agosto de 2009 sobre a alteração do Código Comercial), Complete document (htm) [2445 KB] (Version with Automatic Translation Tool)

Related Legislation:
WIPO Lex No.:MO011

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