World Intellectual Property Organization

Model Memorandum of Understanding between the Developmental Therapeutics Program Division of Cancer Treatment and Diagnosis National Cancer Institute, United States of America (DTP/NCI), a Source Country and a Source Country Organization (SCO)

Subject matter

Plants, terrestrial and marine macro-organisms and microorganisms, and selected synthetic compounds.

Summary of use(s)

Drug discovery and development.

Purpose or background

DTP/NCI has an interest in investigating plants, microbes and marine macro-organisms from [Source Country], and wishes to collaborate with the SCO in this investigation. The DTP/NCI will make sincere efforts to transfer knowledge, expertise, and technology related to drug discovery and development to the SCO in [Source Country], subject to the provision of mutually acceptable guarantees for the protection of intellectual property associated with any patented technology. SCO, in turn, desires to collaborate closely with the DTP/NCI in pursuit of the investigation of the [Source Country]'s terrestrial plants, marine macro-organisms and microorganisms, and selected synthetic compounds, subject to the following conditions and stipulations of this Memorandum of Understanding.

Contact details

National Cancer Institute, NCI-Technology Transfer Branch, National Cancer Institute at Frederick (NCI-Frederick), Fairview Center, Suite 500, 1003 - W. 7th Street, Frederick, MD 21701, United States of America.
Telephone: 301-846-5465; Fax: 301-846-6820

 

DIVISION OF CANCER TREATMENT AND DIAGNOSIS

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE

DTP/NCI has an interest in investigating plants, terrestrial and marine microorganisms and marine macro-organisms from [Source Country], and wishes to collaborate with the [Source Country Organization ("SCO")] in this investigation. DTP/NCI will make sincere efforts to transfer knowledge, expertise, and technology related to drug discovery and development to [SCO] in [Source Country] (as the agent appointed by the [Source Country] Government), subject to the provision of mutually acceptable guarantees for the protection of intellectual property associated with any patented technology. [SCO], in turn, desires to collaborate closely with the DTP/NCI in pursuit of the investigation of [Source Country]'s terrestrial plants, marine macro-organisms and microorganisms, and selected synthetic compounds subject to the following conditions and stipulations of this Memorandum of Understanding (MOU).

1) On the basis of in-house screening results in its anticancer screens, [SCO] may select both synthetic compounds and extracts of plants, marine macro-organisms and microorganisms (subject to previously determined limits as to numbers per year) for anticancer testing at DTP/NCI. If suitable in-house screens are not available, a list of available materials may be sent to DTP/NCI giving data as requested in Articles 2 and 3 below.

2) Prior to submission of the materials, [SCO] will send a data sheet, to be held in confidence by DTP/NCI, on each material so that DTP/NCI may check its databases for records of prior submission to DTP/NCI.

3) For pure compounds, the data sheet(s) will give pertinent available data as to chemical constitution, structure, biological data, solubility, toxicity and any precautions which need to be followed in handling, storage and shipping.

For crude extracts, data will be provided as to the source organism taxonomy, location and date of collection, any hazards associated with the organism, available biological data and any known medicinal uses of the organism/extracts.

4) DTP will inform [SCO] which of the materials are new to the program, and such materials will be shipped to DTP for screening. DTP will provide a record of the accession number for the materials. Quantities of materials required for initial testing are 5 mg for pure compounds and 10 mg for crude extracts.

5) All test results will be provided to [SCO] as soon as they are available, but not later than 270 days (nine months) from the date of receipt of the sample. If available, in vitro test results will be delivered within 90 days from receipt of the sample. [SCO] will be informed in writing of any delays beyond this period (270 days) together with an explanation of the reason(s) for delay.

Data provided by [SCO] will be considered as confidential information of [SCO], if so labeled, and will be held confidentially by DTP/NCI, unless the data are already in the public domain. No data about the materials will be kept in files open to the public either by DTP/NCI, testing laboratories, or data processing facilities, all of which are U.S. government contractors. Only those employees directly engaged in the operation of DTP/NCI will have access to the files of information regarding the source and nature of confidential materials and results of testing, unless the release of data about the materials or the results of the testing are required under statute or by court order.

6) Any extracts exhibiting significant activity will be further studied by bioassay-guided fractionation in order to isolate the pure compound(s) responsible for the observed activity. Such fractionation will be carried out in [SCO] laboratories. If [SCO] has no available bioassay, DTP/NCI will assist [SCO] to establish the necessary bioassay systems subject to the availability of the necessary resources. Alternatively, or in addition, suitably qualified designated [SCO] scientists will be sent to DTP/NCI for the isolation studies subject to the terms stated below in Article 7. In addition, during the course of this MOU, DTP/NCI will assist the [SCO], thereby assisting the [SC], to develop the capacity to undertake drug discovery and development, including capabilities for the screening and isolation of active compounds from terrestrial and marine organisms.

7) Subject to the provision that suitable laboratory space and other necessary resources are available, DTP/NCI agrees to invite senior technician(s) and/or scientist(s) designated by [SCO] to work in the laboratories of DTP/NCI or, if the parties agree, in laboratories using technology which would be useful in furthering work under this MOU. The duration of such visits would not exceed one year except by prior agreement between [SCO] and DTP/NCI. The designated "Visiting Scientist(s)" will be subject to provisions usually governing Guest Researchers at NIH, except when carrying out research on materials provided by [SCO]. Costs and other conditions of visits will be negotiated in good faith prior to the arrival of the scientist(s).

8) In the event that an agent isolated and purified from materials provided by [SCO], and/or a synthetic compound provided by [SCO] meets the criteria established by the Drug Development Group (DDG) of NCI's DCTD (DTP's parent organization), which would include, but not be limited to, in vivo activity in rodent models, further development of the agent will be undertaken by DTP/NCI in collaboration with [SCO]. Once an active agent is approved by DTP/NCI for preclinical development (i.e., has passed the DDG at Stage IIA), DTP/NCI will collaborate with [SCO] scientists in the development of the specific agent.

9) Both [SCO] and DTP/NCI recognize that inventorship will be determined under patent law. DTP/NCI and [SCO] will, as appropriate, jointly seek patent protection on all inventions developed jointly under this MOU by DTP/NCI and [SCO] employees, and will seek appropriate protection abroad, including in [Source Country], if appropriate. Application for patent protection on inventions made by [SCO] employees alone will be the responsibility of [SCO]. Application for patent protection on inventions made by DTP/NCI employees alone will be the responsibility of DTP/NCI.

With respect only to those compounds that have been determined to possess such significant anti-cancer potential as to be scheduled for clinical trials by DCTD, the U.S. Government shall have a royalty-free, irrevocable, nonexclusive license to manufacture and/or use by or for the U.S. Government the invention(s) claimed in any patents that [SCO] may have or may obtain on such compounds or on a process for use of such compounds. However, this license will apply only to [SCO] patents that rely upon data generated by DTP/NCI or DTP/NCI testing laboratories. This license shall be only for medical research purposes related to or connected with the therapy of cancer. The term "medical research purposes" as used herein shall not include treatment of patients outside of clinical trials or commercial distribution of the compounds.

10) DTP/NCI will make a sincere effort to transfer any knowledge, expertise, and technology developed during such collaboration in the discovery and development process to [SCO], subject to the provision of mutually acceptable guarantees for the protection of intellectual property associated with any patented technology.

11) All licenses granted on any patents arising from the collaboration conducted under the terms of this MOU shall contain a clause referring to this MOU and shall indicate that the licensee has been apprised of this MOU.

12) Should the agent eventually be licensed to a pharmaceutical company for production and marketing, DTP/NCI will require the licensee to negotiate and enter into agreement(s) with [SCO] and/or an appropriate [Source Country] Government agency(ies). The agreement(s) will address the concern on the part of the [Source Country] government that pertinent agencies, institutions and/or persons receive royalties and other forms of compensation, as appropriate.

Such terms will apply equally to instances where an invention is directed to a direct isolate from a natural product material, a product structurally based upon an isolate from the natural product material, a synthetic material for which the natural product material provided a key development lead, a derivative of a synthetic compound provided by [Source Country] or [SCO], or a method of synthesis or use of any aforementioned isolate, product, material or derivative; though the percentage of royalties negotiated as payment might vary depending upon the relationship of the marketed drug to the originally isolated product. It is understood that the eventual development of a drug to the stage of marketing is a long term process which may require 10-15 years.

13) In obtaining licensees, DTP/NCI will require the applicant for license to seek as its first source of supply the natural products available from [Source Country]. If no appropriate licensee is found who will use natural products available from [Source Country], or if [SCO] or their suppliers cannot provide adequate quantities of raw materials at a mutually agreeable fair price, the licensee will be required to pay to the [Source Country] Government an amount of money (to be negotiated) to be used for expenses associated with cultivation of medicinal plant species that are endangered by deforestation, or for other appropriate conservation measures. These terms will also apply in the event that the licensee begins to market a synthetic material for which a material from [Source Country] provided a key development lead.

14) Article 13 shall not apply to organisms which are freely available from different countries (i.e., common weeds, agricultural crops, ornamental plants, fouling organisms) unless information indicating a particular use of the organism (e.g., medicinal, pesticidal) was provided by local residents to guide the collection of such an organism from [Source Country], or unless other justification acceptable to both [SCO] and DTP/NCI is provided. In the case where an organism is freely available from different countries, but a phenotype producing an active agent is found only in [Source Country], Article 13 shall apply.

15) Publication of data resulting from the collaboration under this MOU will be undertaken at times determined by agreement between [SCO] and DTP/NCI.

16) It is the intention of NCI that [SCO] not be liable to DTP/NCI for any claims or damages arising from NCI's use of the material provided by [SCO]; however, no indemnification for any loss, damage, or liability is intended or provided by any party under this MOU. Each party shall be liable for any loss, claim, damage or liability, that said party incurs, as a result of said party's activities under this MOU, except that the NCI, as an agency of the United States, assumes liability only to the extent as provided under the Federal Tort Claim Act (28 U.S.C. § 171).

17) DTP/NCI will not distribute materials provided by [SCO] to other organizations without written authorization from [SCO]. However, should [SCO] wish to consider collaboration with organizations selected by NCI for distribution of materials acquired through NCI collection contracts, DTP/NCI will establish contact between such organizations and [SCO].

18) [SCO] scientists and their collaborators may screen additional samples of the same materials for other biological activities and develop them for such purposes independently of this MOU.

This MOU shall be valid as of the date of the final authorized signature below for an initial period of five (5) years, after which, it can be renewed by mutual agreement. It may be amended at any time subject to the written agreement of both parties. Copies of such amendments will be kept on file at both of the addresses indicated below. [SCO] and DTP/NCI are confident that this MOU will lay the basis for a mutually successful cooperation in discovering and developing new therapies in the treatment of cancer.

For [SCI] or [SCO]: For the National Cancer Institute:

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_______________________
Andrew C. von Eschenbach, M.D.
Director, National Cancer Institute

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Date

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Date
Mailing and contact address:

Mailing and contact address:

Technology Transfer Branch
National Cancer Institute at Frederick (NCI-Frederick)
Fairview Center, Suite 502
1003 - W. 7th Street
Frederick, MD 21701-8512
United States of America
Telephone: 301-846-5465
Facsimile: 301-846-6820

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