World Intellectual Property Organization

Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement between the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Tal Amara, Rayak, Lebanon and The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AE United Kingdom

Subject matter

Seed and associated herbarium specimens.

Summary of use(s)

Store the seeds and herbarium specimens at LARI, with duplicate seeds and herbarium specimens to be accessioned into the collections at RBG Kew for safe-keeping and long-term conservation; Conduct taxonomic research upon the herbarium specimens, their progeny and/or derivatives; Conduct seed viability tests upon the seed, its progeny or derivatives to determine its longevity and for conservation purposes.

Purpose or background

RBG Kew and LARI wish to work together to ensure the collection, study and conservation of Lebanese flora by:
(a) The establishment of a verified and well-documented seed collection of plant species indigenous to Lebanon; and
(b) The establishment of mutually beneficial conservation, training, research and educational programmes.

Furthermore, RBG Kew and LARI will share the benefits arising out of such collaboration fairly and equitably, thereby creating incentives and providing resources for the conservation of the biological diversity of the Lebanon.

Contact details

Dr. Hassan Machlab, Head, Dept. of Plant breeding, Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute (LARI), Lebanon, Rayak, P.O.Box 287, Lebanon.
E-mail: Hmachlab@hotmail.com
Telephone: 00961 8 900037/47; Fax: 00961 8 900077.

The Conventions and Policies Unit, RBG Kew, Richmond, Surrey TW9 3AE.
E-mail: cbdunit@rbgkew.org.uk
Telephone: +44 (0) 20 8332 5000; Fax: +44 (0)20 8332 5757

 

REPLY TO QUESTIONNAIRE WIPO/GRTKF/IC/Q.2

 

 

COPY OF THE CONTRACT

Please indicate whether a copy of an existing contract or model agreement is attached to this response:

Response: No

 

Question 1: Please give the contract title.

Response: Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement.

Question 2: Please identify the contract parties.

Response: Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute, Tal Amara, Rayak, Lebanon and the Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, Surrey, TW9 3AE United Kingdom.

Question 3: Please specify the contract parties or, in the case of model contracts, the proposed contract parties.

Response:
Government: Yes, as a Provider.

Research Institutions: Yes, as a Provider and Recipient.

Question 4: Please state the overall contract purpose:

Response: Research and Education.

Question 5: Please state the contract objective.

Response:
(a) The establishment of well documented seed collections of plants indigenous to the Lebanon; and

(b) The establishment of mutually beneficial conservation training research and educational programs.

Question 6: Please identify the scope of the contract.

Response: Plant Genetic Resources.

Question 7: Please state whether the genetic resources are being supplied from in-situ conditions or from ex-situ conditions.

Response: In-situ Conditions.

Question 8: Contract Activities: Please state the permitted uses of the genetic resources under the contract.

Response: Store the seeds and herbarium specimens at LARI, with duplicate seeds and herbarium specimens to be accessioned into the collections at RBG Kew for safe-keeping and long-term conservation; Conduct taxonomic research upon the herbarium specimens, their progeny and/or derivatives; Conduct seed viability tests upon the seed, its progeny or derivatives to determine its longevity and for conservation purposes.

Question 9: Contract Activities: Please state the permitted uses of any associated traditional knowledge under the contract.

Response: Not Applicable.

Question 10: Please state the date that the contract came into force.

Response: July 2000

Question 11: Please state the contract duration.

Response: Five (5) years. The contract can be renewed and extended for further periods of five (5) years through mutual agreement expressed in writing signed on behalf of LARI and RBG Kew.

Question 12: Please identify and record all intellectual property (IP) related clauses in the contract.

Response:

Industrial property
incl. patents, trademarks, geographical indications and appellations of origin etc.

RBG Kew will not Commercialise any Genetic Resources transferred under this Agreement.

Without prejudice to the above, any Commercialisation to which RBG Kew and LARI may agree will be subject to a separate written agreement.

"Commercialise" and "Commercialisation" shall include, but not be limited to, any of the following: sale, filing a patent application, obtaining, or transferring intellectual property rights or other tangible or intangible rights by sale or licence or in any other manner; commencement of product development; conducting market research and seeking pre-market approval.

"Genetic Resources" shall mean any biological material of plant, animal, microbial, fungal or other origin of actual or potential value containing functional units of heredity transferred under this Agreement and its progeny and derivatives, including modified or unmodified extracts and purified compounds.

Assignment

This Agreement is personal to the parties and none of the rights or the obligations under this Agreement may be assigned or transferred without the prior written consent of the other party.

Non monetary Benefit-sharing as relates to IP:
e.g. IP-related training, technology transfer, exchange of results, etc.

Benefits arising from the collection, study or conservation of Material transferred under this Agreement may include the following:

  • Accession of a representative, viable portion of the Material into the collections at the Seed Bank;
  • Processing and viability testing of Material, its progeny or derivatives;
  • Taxonomic identification of Material, its progeny or derivatives;
  • Acknowledgement of LARI as the source of Material in research publications;
  • Joint authorship of publications, as appropriate;
  • Ensuring that the parties provide each other with copies of the results of all such scientific study, research and publications;
  • Informing each other of any relevant opportunities for training and/or study by appropriate staff personnel at LARI or Kew;
  • Encourage appropriate staff personnel at LARI or Kew take up any such opportunity for training and/or study.

Termination
(insofar as it relates to IP.)

Either party to this Agreement may give six (6) months written notice to the other party to terminate this Agreement.

The obligations and rights contained in Clauses 1, 2.c, 2.d, 2.e, 3.2, 5, 6, 7, 11, 12 and 16 inclusive shall survive the expiration or other termination of this Agreement unless mutually agreed to the contrary.

 

Question 15: Please share any additional information that may give useful perspective to the intellectual property aspects of the contract.

Response:
Transfer to Third Parties (i.e. parties other than LARI or RBG Kew)

RBG Kew may supply any of the seeds and associated herbarium specimens, their progeny or derivatives to a Third Party provided:

(a) Prior written permission has been obtained from LARI for such supply, such permission not to be unreasonably withheld, and

(b) The Third Party signs a Material Supply Agreement with RBG Kew, prohibiting inter alia, any commercial use or exploitation of the seeds and associated herbarium specimens, their progeny or derivatives supplied by RBG Kew to that Third Party.

Question 16: Please identify any laws and regulations applicable to the contract in question.

In the Preamble, the parties state the following: The Parties are committed to implementing the letter and spirit of the 1992 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), the 1975 Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and other relevant international, regional, national and sub-national laws and policies concerning biodiversity.

Question 19: Dispute Resolution

Response: Any dispute arising out of or in connection with this Agreement, including any question regarding its existence, validity or termination (a "Dispute"), shall, to the extent possible, be resolved by good faith negotiation. For the purposes of this clause, "good faith" means in accordance with standards of honesty, sincerity or lawfulness of purpose and applies to both the substance of and the machinery of any such negotiations.

 

PRACTICAL GUIDANCE AND LESSONS LEARNED

Question 21: Please share any practical advice that you may have arising out of the drafting, negotiation and conclusion of the contract in question, in particular, any advice relating to the intellectual property aspects of the contract.

Response:

Prior informed consent:

The Lebanese Government, represented by the Ministry of Agriculture, has signed a separate letter in which it approves of the collaboration between LARI and RBG Kew and authorizes LARI to take all necessary action regarding the Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement "providing the regulations of the international conventions are adhered to".

In addition, in the Access and Benefit-Sharing Agreement itself, LARI undertakes to help RBG Kew to secure the prior informed consent of any competent national and local Lebanese authorities and of any other appropriate stakeholders to enable:

(a) Access to the plant material;

(b) Entry upon the land in the Lebanon on which the project activities will take place; and

(c) The carrying out of the aforesaid activities.

 

Model contracts/clauses:

A draft contract was initially proposed by RBG Kew, based on a model agreement used by RBG Kew in other international partnerships, but modified to reflect the specifics of the proposed relationship between LARI and RBG Kew. This draft was then studied by LARI. Modifications were subsequently proposed by LARI, and accepted by RBG Kew.

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