WIPO SMEs Newsletter April 2013

May 10, 2013

By the SMEs Section of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)

WIPO SMEs Newsletter is a monthly e-publication providing readers with useful intellectual property (IP) information contained in articles, case studies, forthcoming IP/SMEs relevant events, and published presentations featured on our web site.  We hope you will find it useful and informative.  We encourage you to share the newsletter or items of interest with friends and colleagues.  For past issues and information on the activities of the SMEs Section, please visit http://www.wipo.int/sme.


National Study on Intellectual Property and Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in India - Under the WIPO Development Agenda Project 

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National Study on Intellectual Property and Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Tanzania - Under the WIPO Development Agenda Project 

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WIPO Survey Reveals Concern about Costs of Technology Dispute Proceedings

An International Survey on Dispute Resolution in Technology Transactions conducted by the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center reveals that less than 2% of technology agreements lead to formal dispute proceedings, but that these proceedings are generally costly and time-consuming.

The survey report presents the practices and motivation of almost 400 survey respondents from over 60 countries, and assesses the current use and comparative merits of Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) methods for resolving technology-related disputes. The survey report also offers observations on dispute resolution best practices based on analysis of the data compiled and interviews conducted with the survey.

The survey conducted by the WIPO Center captured a global assessment of technology disputes and ADR, in particular mediation and arbitration, by comparison to court litigation. The survey respondents are based in Europe, North America, Asia, South America, Oceania, the Caribbean and Central America, and Africa (in order of number of responses received), working for law firms, corporations, research organizations and universities, and government bodies, or self-employed.

Read more.

Strong Growth in Demand for Intellectual Property Rights in 2012

International filings for patents, trademarks and industrial designs under WIPO-administered intellectual property (IP) systems saw continued strong growth in 2012.

In 2012, international patent applications filed under the Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) grew by 6.6% on 2011. Japan and the United States of America (US) accounted for 48.8% of the 194,400 PCT applications filed in 2012. Chinese telecommunications company ZTE, with its 3,906 published PCT applications, was the largest filer in 2012.

International trademark applications filed under the Madrid system grew by 4.1% in 2012. France, Germany and the US accounted for 36.5% of the 44,018 Madrid applications filed in 2012 (Annex 1). Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis was the most active filer in 2012, with 176 Madrid applications.

International industrial design applications filed under the Hague system grew by 3.3% on 2011. The 2,604 applications filed in 2012 contained 12,454 individual designs, representing 3.5% growth over 2011 (Annex 1). France, Germany and Switzerland accounted for 62.8% of total designs. Swatch AG of Switzerland with 81 applications was the largest filer in 2012.

For more details, please click here.

Resources on IP Asset Management 

4th Annual WIPO- KIPO-KAIST-KIPA Advanced International Certificate Course on IP Asset Management for Business Success Based on the IP PANORAMA TM Multimedia Toolkit in English

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), the Korean Intellectual Property Office (KIPO), the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), and the Korea Invention Promotion Association (KIPA) are jointly offering the advanced international certificate course on IP Asset Management for business success based on IP PANORAMA TM Multimedia toolkit in English.

This course consists of the following three components:

Step 1) Online course;

Step 2) IP essay test; and

Step 3) Offline program.

The online course will be offered three times, for six weeks per session, all in English and with the assistance of course administrators and tutors through the KIPA e-learning website (http://global.ipacademy.net).  It is based on the twelve modules of the English IP PANORAMA as per the following schedule:

Session 1: March 27 to May 7, 2013 (Enrollment: March 7 to 26, 2013)

Session 2: May 1 to June 11, 2013 (Enrollment: April 11 to 25, 2013)

Session 3: June 5 to July 16, 2013 (Enrollment: May 16 to 30, 2013)

Students who successfully complete a session of the online course with at least 80% of course attendance and a grade of 60% or above in the final exam will be eligible for the IP essay test.

Up to 10 students from developing countries who are top performers in both the online course (Step1) and the IP essay test (Step 2) will be given an opportunity to participate in the offline program, which is a three-day face-to-face training to learn and discuss some advanced topics and issues on IP asset management.  These students will receive a scholarship to cover travel and accommodations in Seoul, Republic of Korea, in November, 2013.

For more details, please see http://www.ippanorama.com/ and http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/multimedia/ippanorama_advanced_certificate_course.html

General Information on Training of Trainers Program, the SMEs Section, WIPO

The SMEs Section of WIPO supports the organization of national Training of Trainers (TOT) Programs in countries that have translated and/or adapted the basic materials on IP for Business published by the Section. The objective of the TOTs is to create a critical mass of trainers in the country with enough knowledge and skills to provide assistance to SMEs on effective IP asset management at a basic level. For more details, please see here.

IP PANORAMA™ Multimedia Toolkit 

The IP PANORAMA ™ multimedia toolkit is now available in English, French, Spanish, Arabic, Hungarian, Vietnamese and Thai versions on or through the pages at http://www.wipo.int/sme/en/multimedia/ and http://www.ippanorama.com/. A Russian language version is expected to be available soon.

CD-ROMs of the English, Arabic, French and Spanish versions are also available on request. Anyone interested in receiving a free copy of the CD-ROM may email publications.mail@wipo.int providing the full postal address, including telephone number, and indicating the purpose for which the CD-ROM would be used.  Please note that requests without complete postal address will not be processed.


Digital Opportunity

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) will benefit from most of the changes recommended in this review: from the single European patent and easier copyright licensing to a better rights framework for design and steps to control patent thickets. Research undertaken by the Review also confirms that SMEs are not sufficiently well served by those providing advice and information on IPRs. We recommend action to give SMEs access to lower cost IP advice.

The 25% rule revisited and a new investment-based method for determining FRAND licensing royalties

This paper starts with briefly discussing the 25% rule and the argumentation for and against it. The paper continues with developing a new investment-based method for determining FRAND licensing royalties, a method not only applicable to one-to-one bilateral licensing deals but also to multilateral deals with multiple license sellers and multiple license buyers. The paper ends with discussing limitations and generalizations, opening up for further research. Read more.

Review of Innovation Practices in Small Manufacturing Companies

Businesses now compete on a global basis for resources including intellectual capital - reliance on purely local support and resources is not sufficient; this shift may weaken the advantages that firms may derive from membership in a location-based cluster and strengthen advantages from membership in virtual clusters.  No company, however large, can expect to sustain all of its core competencies internally. This is particularly true for SMEs with limited internal resources and capital. Therefore innovation increasingly occurs through inter-enterprise cooperation, including universities, corporations and even individual specialists. More.

Patent management in entrepreneurial SMEs: A literature review and an empirical study of innovation appropriation, patent propensity, and motives

Managers make a number of strategic choices when trying to capture returns from innovation investments, including what appropriation strategy to use and whether or not to patent, strategic choices that depend among other things on firm size. Previous literature, being reviewed in this paper, shows that the patent propensity is lower in small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) than in large firms and that patenting as means for appropriation is of less importance among SMEs. CEOs and/or R&D managers of 26 entrepreneurial SMEs have been interviewed to explain these differences and to provide insight on how patenting is used in SMEs. Read more.

The Giant Among Us

This paper starts with the fact that the patent world is quietly undergoing a change of seismic proportions. Like in a few short years, a handful of entities have amassed vast treasuries of patents on an unprecedented scale. To give some sense of the magnitude of this change, this research paper shows that in a little more than five years, the most massive of these has accumulated 30,000-60,000 patents worldwide, which would make it the 5th largest patent portfolio of any domestic US company and the 15th largest of any company in the world. Read more.

Past Event

Korea International Women’s Invention Exposition 201 3

The 6 th Korea International Women’s Invention Exposition (KIWIE) will be held at the COEX in Seoul, Korea from May 1 to 4, 2013 under the auspices of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and Korea Intellectual Property Office (KIPO).

Exposition is expecting about 500 women creators, inventors and entrepreneurs of SMEs from over 30 countries around the world participating in KIWIE 2013. Parallel to this event, the Korea International Women’s Invention Forum will be held on May 1, 2013 at the same place, COEX. The International Workshop for Women Inventors and Entrepreneurs will be organized back to back with KIWIE from May 5 to 8, 2013 at Ewha Womans University, Seoul. For more information on KIWIE 2013, please go to its website at www.kiwie.or.kr.


The SMEs Section welcomes voluntary contributions of articles, case studies, news items, useful links and relevant information concerning forthcoming events of interest to entrepreneurs and SMEs for inclusion in future issues of this newsletter; contributions may be sent by email to sme@wipo.int.

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Past issues of this newsletter, since August 2001, may be accessed here.

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