WIPO SMEs Newsletter December 2010
By the SMEs Division of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
WIPO SMEs Newsletter is a monthly e-publication providing readers with useful intellectual property (IP) information contained in articles, case studies, forthcoming IP/SMEs relevant events, and published presentations featured on our web site. We hope you will find it useful and informative. We encourage you to share the newsletter or items of interest with friends and colleagues. For past issues and information on the activities of the SMEs Division, please visit http://www.wipo.int/sme.
Reminder: Feedback on WIPO's SMEs Newsletter and Website
We have received many useful inputs from a number of our readers. We are still open to have your valuable feedback in the questionnairethat has been designed for this purpose as this would considerably help us improve our newsletter. We would be grateful if you could take 5 minutes of your time to go through it and to send it to us as soon as possible or in any case before January 15, 2011.
WIPO SMEs Chinese Version of Exchanging Value: Negotiating Technology Licensing Agreements – A Training Manual
This is now available on the SMEs Website
Lithuanian Nationally Customized Version of the two IP for Business Publications “Making a Mark” and “Looking Good” Published
The State Patent Bureau of the Republic of Lithuania published the customized versions of two WIPO publications entitled, “Making a Mark”, and “Looking Good”.
Lithuanian Nationally Customized Version of A Stitch in Time (IP Guide for Textiles) Published
The customized version of the WIPO textile guide is, “here”.
Argentinean Nationally Customized Version of the IP for Business Publications “Inventing the Future” Published
The National Institute of Industrial Property of Argentina published the customized version of Inventing the Future
Vietnamese Translated Version of the WIPO ITC Guide Secrets of IP for Exporters Published
The National Office of Intellectual Property of Vietnam published the translated version.
WIPO Launches On-Line Tool to Assist in Filing International Trademark Applications is now available on the WIPO website at:
Traditional Knowledge, Genetic Resources and Folklore/Traditional Cultural Expressions
Hague System for the International Registration of Industrial Designs
As of December 23, 2010, an electronic interface for the online renewal of international registrations referred to as “e-renewal” is available on the Hague system website at the following address: https://webaccess.wipo.int/erenewal_dm/.
The electronic interface enables users to request the renewal of different industrial designs for different Contracting Parties. Furthermore, this interface takes into account the history of the international registration to be renewed so as to calculate the fees accordingly. Lastly, it enables users to view the reproductions of the industrial designs included in the international registration, provided that registration was recorded after January 1, 1999.
The electronic interface can be used for the payment of renewal fees either by means of a current account opened with the International Bureau of the WIPO or by credit card.
Madrid System for the International Registration
WIPO launches On-Line Tool to Assist in Filing International Trademark Applications is now available on the WIPO website at http://www.wipo.int/madrid/en/notices/index.jsp
IGC Makes Significant Progress, Sets the Stage for Working Groups on GRs and TK
Negotiators from WIPO’s 184 member states and other stakeholders made significant progress during a session of the Intergovernmental Committee on Intellectual Property and Genetic Resources, Traditional Knowledge and Folklore (IGC), which met from December 6-10, 2010. In addition to advancing on key substantive issues, the IGC defined the work to be undertaken by two intersessional working groups on traditional knowledge (TK) and genetic resources (GRs) that will meet in February 2011.
A major feature of this session was the establishment of an open-ended drafting group to streamline articles on TCEs that had been developed by an intersessional working group (IWG 1) in July 2010. The articles developed by the drafting group, which are now less complex and contain fewer options and alternatives, were noted by the IGC and will be examined again by negotiators at the IGC’s next session in May 2011. The Chair was also mandated to undertake informal consultations to try to further refine the text and identify the key outstanding policy issues for consideration by the IGC, the main negotiating and decision-making body. The IGC will meet again from May 9 to 13, 2011.
TRAINING/LEARNING RESOURCES ON IP ASSET MANAGEMENT
IP PANORAMATM Multimedia Toolkit
The IP PANORAMA™ multimedia toolkit is now available in English, Arabic, Thai and Hungarian through the SMEs Division’s website. The English and Arabic versions are also available on CD-ROM on request. The learning points (in English) of the IP PANORAMA TM
multimedia toolkit have recently been uploaded as pdf format files on the website, which are also available as a separate book. Anyone interested in receiving a free copy of the CD-ROM and/or book containing the learning points may send an email to email@example.com providing full postal address, including telephone number, and the purpose for which the CD-ROM/book would be used.
Managing Intellectual Property in the Book Publishing Industry (DL-401e)
A new distance learning course for managing IP in the book publishing industry (DL-401e) will be launched in April 2011 at http://academy.wipo.int. This course is intended to provide a basic guide to publishers who wish to increase their understanding of how to manage IP rights in a business context. Based on conventional practices of publishing houses, it offers practical information to help publishers both to exploit IP rights as economic assets and to avoid infringing the rights of others. It focuses primarily on publishers of trade books. The concepts covered are equally relevant to publishers of other printed literature, such as textbooks, newspapers, magazines and corporate literature.
Do Patents Matter for Commercialization?
In this paper, E. Webster and P. H. Jensen, Intellectual Property Research Institute of Australia, University of Melbourne, estimate the effects of a patent on the likelihood that an invention will proceed to a stage of manufacture using survey data on 3700 inventions. They found that about a third of all inventions, both with and without a patent, proceeded to the point of market launch and mass production. However, possession of a patent title only raises the probability of attempting pre-manufacturing activities by at most 3.9 percentage points and mass production by 8 percentage points. There was no evidence that the effect of patents was greater for more valuable inventions or for firms which lacked manufacturing capabilities.
The Impact of the Patent System on SMEs
A. Hughes and A. Mina consider the theory and evidence on the propensity of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to patent their innovations, relied on UK, European and US literature and data sources. They found that small firms are less likely to use patents as a means of protecting their investment than other means such as confidentiality, secrecy or time to market. SMEs are also less likely than larger firms to use others’ patents as a source of information for their own innovation activities, preferring customers, suppliers and trade fairs.
Conversely, smaller firms are more likely than larger firms to put their patents to productive use or to licence out their technology, a pattern that is likely to reflect relatively higher cost and capacity pressures.
Can’t Block, Must Run: Small Firms and Appropriability
This empirical study examines small firms’ strategies towards appropriating the returns to their investments in innovation and finds that they are qualitatively different from those found in earlier studies of more generally representative samples of firms. First, very few of the smallest firms appear to benefit from patenting. Even within this sample of small firms, only the largest firms were likely to identify patents as the most important method of appropriating innovation returns. Thus, the strategic choice for most small firms is between secrecy and speed to market. The smallest firms and those in low technology or complex product industries tend to prefer speed, while small investments in R&D, discrete product technologies, and affiliation with higher technology industries explain preference for trade secrets. These results raise policy questions regarding the functioning of the existing systems of intellectual property rights when key policy goals include innovation by and growth of small firms.
List of Prolific Inventors
How “Open” is Innovation in the US and Japan?
To better understand the collaborative process in inventions, J. Walsh and S. Nagaoka collected detailed information on a sample of triadic patents, focusing on the invention process, sources of ideas, and collaboration (the RIETI-Georgia Tech inventor survey), with over 1900 responses from the US and over 3600 responses from Japan. This survey suggests that in both countries, just over 10% of inventions involved an external co-inventor and about 30% involved external (non-co-inventor) collaborators (with the rate of collaboration somewhat higher in Japan).
An Audit Model for Intellectual Property Management Excellence
Trademark Holdings of Production Firms in Britain and Ireland
A dataset of over 3,500 firms in three British regions and Ireland was analyzed in this paper using measures for firm trademark participation, total registrations and registrations per employee. It is possible to formulate a trademark version of the Schumpeter hypothesis that the intensity of creativity increases with firm size. This paper argues that this measure of creativity peaks for firms employing 101-250 employees.
From traditional intellectual property to profitable intellectual capital management
Sixth Global Congress on Combating Counterfeiting and Piracy
The Director General of the World Intellectual Property Organization, Mr. Francis Gurry, the Secretary General of INTERPOL, Mr. Ronald Noble and the Secretary General of the World Customs Organization, Mr. Kunio Mikuriya invite you to attend the Sixth Global Congress on Combating Counterfeiting and Piracy to be held in Paris on 2-3 February 2011. More
WIPO Training of Trainers Program on Effective Intellectual Property Asset Management by Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (Dubai, United Arab Emirates, December 19 to 23, 2010)
Third WIPO-INSME International Training Program: Financing your Business with Intellectual Property (WIPO Headquarters, Geneva, December 1 and 2, 2010)
WIPO National Seminar on Intellectual Property for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (SMEs) in the Textile Industry (Damascus, October 13 and 14, 2010)
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