Where can Utility Models be Acquired?
Currently, a small but significant number of countries and regions provide utility model protection. These include: Albania, Angola, Argentina, ARIPO, Armenia, Aruba, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belize, Brazil, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Chile, China (including Hong Kong and Macau), Colombia, Costa Rica, Czech Republic, Denmark, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hungary, Indonesia, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kuwait, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Malaysia, Mexico, OAPI, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Republic of Moldova, Russian Federation, Slovakia, Spain, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Trinidad & Tobago, Turkey, Ukraine, Uruguay and Uzbekistan.
In countries where the national legislation does not provide for utility model protection, SMEs may either apply for a patent (see "How Can Your SME Acquire and Maintain Intellectual Property Rights" and "How do you Turn Inventions Into Profit-making Assets of Your SME?") or keep the invention as a trade secret (see "Protecting the Trade Secrets of Your SME").