World Intellectual Property Organization

National IP Strategies

WIPO assists developing and least developed countries (LDCs) to produce national intellectual property (IP) strategies. We draw on our unique global expertise to help nations avoid common pitfalls and ensure that the best possible strategies emerge.

A national IP strategy consists of a set of measures, formulated and implmented by governments. These measures encourage and facilitate the effective creation, development, management, and protection of IP at national level. It is a cross-cutting document, which outlines links with diverse policy areas to ensure effective coordination with other activities.

A national IP strategy strengthens a country's ability to generate economically valuable IP assets. All countries have wealth in the form of human capital; literary and artistic works; crafts and folklore; and genetic and biological assets. An IP strategy helps nations unlock these assets in a planned, efficient, and sustainable manner.

Although the goals, needs and priorities underpinning a national IP strategy can vary significantly from one country to another, their very existence across diverse countries suggests that using a common methodology and specifically designed tools can facilitate an efficient, harmonized approach to strategy formulation. As a global IP actor, WIPO is ideally placed to draw on its unique experience to help beneficiaries produce better IP strategies.

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Development of national IP strategies

WIPO’s methodology, designed, tested and consolidated as part of the Organization’s Development Agenda, provides guidance to those involved in the preparation of national IP strategies.

The methodology comprises:

  • a thorough research and IP audit phase; and
  • a national consultation process for the review, discussion, and consolidation of strategic approaches regarding the use of IP to support national development goals.

Methodology for the development of national IP strategies

The WIPO methodology is divided into four tools:

NIPS online platform

The national IP strategies (NIPS) online platform enables the storage of data collected through the baseline surveys and exercises in the WIPO NIPS methodology.

The NIPS online platform is only open to registered users.

Access the NIPS online platform
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Reports on integrating IP into innovation policies

Historically, IP issues have not always formed a central consideration in innovation policy making. Accordingly, WIPO has produced a series of country reports reviewing IP in national innovation systems. Determining gaps and challenges through in-depth discussions with stakeholders, each report offers country-specific recommendations for more effectively using the IP system to strengthen national innovation systems.

Rwanda PDF, INTEGRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTO INNOVATION POLICY
FORMULATION IN RWANDA | Sri Lanka PDF, INTEGRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTO INNOVATION POLICY FORMULATION IN SRI LANKA | Serbia PDF, INTEGRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTO INNOVATION POLICY
FORMULATION IN SERBIA | Trinidad and Tobago PDF, INTEGRATING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY INTO INNOVATION POLICY FORMULATION IN TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO

Developed by the Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, the report "The Intersection of IP Rights and Innovation Policy-Making - A Literature Review" PDF, The Intersection of IP Rights and Innovation Policy-Making - A Literature Review provides an overview of academic writing  on the topic of IP in innovation policy-making over the last two decades.

 

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