World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

Romania

Population (Million): 21.33 (2012) (Rank = 55)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 237.54 (2012) (Rank = 45)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 1,322 4,234 645 152.13
1999 1,080 2,755 548 150.31
2000 1,028 4,586 642 153.46
2001 1,147 5,659 799 162.21
2002 1,494 7,490 879 170.49
2003 902 7,440 721 179.35
2004 987 11,733 821 194.42
2005 978 13,296 948 202.53
2006 903 17,204 870 218.53
2007 965 20,961 1,119 231.64
2008 1,123 18,571 966 250.00
2009 1,150 18,633 1,433 233.56
2010 1,501 20,590 1,581 231.37
2011 1,599 26,223 1,950 236.71
2012 1,245 23,741 2,027 237.54
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,299 25 894 39 23 51
1999 1,061 29 330 56 19 54
2000 1,003 30 287 58 25 55
2001 1,128 29 277 59 19 59
2002 1,478 26 363 52 16 65
2003 885 33 293 58 17 83
2004 948 32 200 65 39 68
2005 924 35 68 76 54 63
2006 830 36 62 76 73 57
2007 843 35 59 77 122 56
2008 1,013 31 36 81 110 58
2009 1,067 33 37 74 83 62
2010 1,396 31 36 75 105 62
2011 1,445 30 39 77 154 59
2012 1,057 34 55 67 188 56
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 6.84
Measurement 6.70
Basic materials chemistry 6.61
Civil engineering 6.12
Engines, pumps, turbines 5.77
Other special machines 5.36
Materials, metallurgy 5.29
Machine tools 5.18
Pharmaceuticals 5.16
Mechanical elements 4.09
Others 42.88
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,597 13 221 48 9 37
1999 926 21 124 55 10 44
2000 865 22 272 48 17 41
2001 665 24 228 48 17 41
2002 556 25 253 45 11 47
2003 637 25 297 39 27 59
2004 937 20 163 50 24 54
2005 527 28 237 43 26 55
2006 527 27 260 44 24 56
2007 536 25 152 50 38 58
2008 600 25 96 60 37 60
2009 575 26 110 51 31 64
2010 423 29 27 70 46 60
2011 408 31 24 76 48 63
2012 372 30 15 79 66 57
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004    
2005 8,627 27
2006 8,458 23
2007 9,263 26
2008 10,264 26
2009 11,954 29
2010 2,915 42
2011 14,393 28
2012 15,284 27
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000         1 39
2001         1 42
2002            
2003         1 67
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007         1 67
2008 15 44 4 42 1 67
2009 73 39 7 38 1 70
2010 61 39 12 35 3 56
2011 57 41 7 38 10 44
2012 61 39 14 35 6 50
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 4,039 34 6,831 40 195 42
1999 2,625 49 6,440 40 130 46
2000 4,241 43 7,094 45 345 44
2001 5,374 36 7,247 42 285 56
2002 6,026 34 6,485 41 1,464 45
2003 6,840 36 7,168 38 600 65
2004 10,298 27 7,324 35 1,435 43
2005 11,121 27 9,870 28 2,175 42
2006 12,720 27 9,876 29 4,484 41
2007 11,307 30 6,543 40 9,654 31
2008 10,592 31 5,262 51 7,979 38
2009 9,380 33 3,928 51 9,253 33
2010 9,168 33 3,210 61 11,422 31
2011 9,021 33 3,087 62 17,202 27
2012 8,315 36 2,778 68 15,426 28
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,843 37 5,897 42 156 41
1999 3,696 27 6,035 39 97 44
2000 4,167 26 7,124 34 267 41
2001 3,430 30 8,375 28 166 45
2002 3,980 29 7,043 34 1,219 35
2003 3,310 30 6,655 32 595 58
2004     10,900 14 717 45
2005 4,541 31 7,788 24 1,264 44
2006 4,955 32 9,043 20 2,407 44
2007 5,958 29 6,779 29 4,018 42
2008 8,472 25 5,382 44 4,926 42
2009 6,557 28 4,465 37 6,151 38
2010 5,334 35 2,921 55 10,815 31
2011 7,799 29 3,477 54 9,241 33
2012 6,275 35 2,884 60 10,699 32
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 626 26 1,691 19 19 43
1999 529 30 830 30 19 43
2000 636 28 903 30 6 52
2001 793 24 841 32 6 65
2002 847 23 875 31 32 39
2003 705 22 765 32 16 67
2004 782 24 624 31 39 66
2005 745 26 420 40 203 45
2006 689 28 818 22 181 43
2007 509 33 325 43 610 38
2008 423 36 93 61 543 40
2009 546 34 54 63 887 34
2010 499 34 29 79 1,082 37
2011 388 39 31 77 1,562 32
2012 388 40 40 79 1,639 32
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 663 20 856 26 19 41
1999 448 26 825 28    
2000 442 26 891 28 14 47
2001 662 18 847 30 16 50
2002 565 21 867 30 24 38
2003 423 28 766 27 16 61
2004 477 27 622 26 38 60
2005 737 22 395 39 202 45
2006 731 23 424 36 175 45
2007 772 23 184 51 511 38
2008 797 24 126 55 468 40
2009 629 25 120 51 780 37
2010 701 28 81 54 952 37
2011 625 27 45 67 1,394 34
2012 476 35 75 63 1,435 31
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998 25 37        
1999 18 43        
2000 24 42 30 32    
2001 21 47 10 44 1 26
2002 25 46 67 30 1 28
2003 16 53 42 41 2 22
2004 18 52 57 38 2 20
2005 15 57 99 34 5 15
2006 28 47 97 37 2 18
2007 31 50 103 36 2 20
2008 14 62 95 38 3 27
2009 24 55 46 43 5 21
2010 20 57 93 36 2 35
2011 26 53 76 42 4 30
2012 25 59 86 41 9 24
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
BARNEY TEST SCIENTIFIC S.R.L. 1 12086
CENTRUL INTERNATIONAL DE BIODINAMICA 1 12086
INSTITUTUL NATIONAL DE CERCETARE-DEZVOLTARE PENTRU MICROTEHNOLOGIE 1 12086
MB TELECOM LTD. 1 12086
S. C. CENTRUL DE CERCETARE PENTRU MATERIALE MACROMOLECULARE SI MEMBRANE S. A. (S. C. CCMMM S. A.) 1 12086
S.C. BIOFARM S.A. 1 12086
S.C. GLOBAL CENTER OF ECOLOGICAL RESEARCH S.R.L. 1 12086
S.C. ISAS INVESTMENTS S.R.L. 1 12086
S.C. PEGEROS IMPORT EXPORT SRL 1 12086
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998     383 23 4 55
1999     274 27 8 51
2000     224 30 4 60
2001     232 30 8 53
2002 1 33 158 35 4 66
2003 2 38 128 36 4 72
2004 9 39 153 41 25 51
2005 5 44 38 51 32 53
2006 11 39 35 49 39 51
2007 11 41 24 47 71 50
2008 11 43 12 51 59 54
2009 7 45 13 47 22 67
2010     14 55 21 72
2011 4 54 15 57 58 55
2012 8 49 8 64 72 57
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Romania is a member of the European Patent Convention from 2003. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office. Due to lack of information on designation, filings by other nationals at the EPO are not counted as non-resident filings for Romania.
Romania is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office; filings by other nationals at OHIM are considered non-resident filings via regional office for Romania.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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