World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

Nicaragua

Population (Million): 5.99 (2012) (Rank = 108)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 21.03 (2012) (Rank = 110)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 12 943   12.63
1999 9 820   13.52
2000 14 1,169   14.07
2001   703   14.49
2002   530   14.60
2003   902   14.97
2004   952   15.76
2005   1,087   16.44
2006   1,209   17.12
2007   1,307   17.98
2008       18.70
2009       18.29
2010       18.95
2011 2     19.99
2012 6     21.03
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 12 83        
1999 9 86 136 70    
2000 14 83 129 75    
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011 2 105 208 57    
2012 4 93 172 56 2 146
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Measurement 14.29
Pharmaceuticals 14.29
Other consumer goods 14.29
Organic fine chemistry 9.52
Materials, metallurgy 9.52
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 4.76
Semiconductors 4.76
Optics 4.76
Food chemistry 4.76
Basic materials chemistry 4.76
Others 14.29
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999     12 87    
2000 7 74 129 57    
2001            
2002            
2003         1 117
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011     61 63    
2012 2 84 66 60    
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004    
2005    
2006    
2007    
2008    
2009    
2010    
2011 219 73
2012 260 70
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008         1 67
2009            
2010            
2011            
2012            
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 943 59 3,752 66    
1999 820 64 4,072 60    
2000 1,164 66 4,230 66 5 84
2001 668 76 3,950 66 35 88
2002 498 78 3,723 65 32 100
2003 794 74 3,690 65 108 98
2004 908 75 4,160 63 44 96
2005 1,059 75 4,745 59 28 107
2006 1,154 75 4,646 60 55 120
2007 1,195 76 4,780 60 112 110
2008         53 125
2009         22 144
2010         85 128
2011         31 162
2012         166 121
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999 348 62 2,356 70    
2000 404 61 2,490 69 5 71
2001         4 79
2002         19 88
2003         77 94
2004         12 109
2005         21 103
2006         59 113
2007         56 112
2008         53 122
2009         37 126
2010         54 134
2011         61 129
2012         44 141
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001         1 89
2002         26 44
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011            
2012     19 96    
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001         1 84
2002         26 37
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008         100 56
2009            
2010            
2011 1 87 14 89    
2012     14 95    
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998            
1999            
2000 1 84        
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010 1 105        
2011 1 110        
2012 2 100        
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
FDC LIMITED 1 12086
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004            
2005            
2006            
2007            
2008            
2009            
2010            
2011     200 36    
2012     162 36    
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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