World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

Latvia

Population (Million): 2.03 (2012) (Rank = 143)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 31.87 (2012) (Rank = 96)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 200 1,508 83 18.08
1999 92 842 43 18.93
2000 102 996 38 20.24
2001 119 1,062 57 21.87
2002 153 1,448 55 23.28
2003 109 2,034 51 24.96
2004 137 2,185 208 27.12
2005 143 3,292 350 30.00
2006 158 3,273 633 33.67
2007 219 4,035 596 37.03
2008 393 5,105 414 35.46
2009 503 3,734 1,027 29.09
2010 454 5,777 1,197 28.63
2011 325 4,928 910 30.18
2012 365 5,191 685 31.87
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 195 51 90 68 5 69
1999 91 60 91 78 1 88
2000 98 60 81 83 4 76
2001 117 61 63 83 2 86
2002 150 59 64 78 3 86
2003 91 65 24 86 18 82
2004 108 63 43 83 29 79
2005 119 65 57 81 24 82
2006 123 65 37 84 35 66
2007 159 61 8 98 60 70
2008 250 53 9 95 143 54
2009 289 49 3 92 214 48
2010 211 57 7 89 243 46
2011 200 55 10 94 125 60
2012 218 49 12 87 147 59
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Pharmaceuticals 11.72
Organic fine chemistry 10.86
Food chemistry 8.04
Medical technology 6.15
Engines, pumps, turbines 5.40
Civil engineering 4.25
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 4.19
Basic materials chemistry 4.08
Other special machines 3.56
Materials, metallurgy 3.22
Others 38.53
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 174 40 123 56    
1999 99 46 84 62    
2000 94 44 69 65    
2001 97 47 84 62    
2002 116 43 61 60 10 48
2003 103 47 65 65 23 64
2004 87 47 48 66 3 86
2005 86 51 36 66 5 71
2006 83 54 39 69 6 74
2007 3 77     54 55
2008 3 81     36 63
2009 2 77     46 60
2010 186 42 6 81 57 57
2011 190 41 1 88 95 49
2012 152 39 9 82 107 49
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004 3,353 31
2005 4,012 32
2006 4,168 27
2007    
2008    
2009    
2010 5,680 37
2011 6,170 37
2012 6,833 35
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998            
1999            
2000            
2001            
2002            
2003            
2004         2 49
2005         2 48
2006         1 60
2007         5 46
2008         5 46
2009         4 54
2010         4 53
2011         6 52
2012         9 46
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,508 56 5,826 46    
1999 842 63 5,122 50    
2000 995 68 5,744 52 1 108
2001 1,062 64 6,133 48    
2002 1,262 64 5,699 47 186 72
2003 1,278 63 6,752 41 756 58
2004 1,297 65 5,308 51 888 51
2005 1,401 67 4,478 62 1,891 43
2006 1,488 70 4,210 69 1,785 58
2007 1,458 72 4,018 70 2,577 57
2008 1,617 65 3,565 73 3,488 50
2009 1,168 64 2,460 75 2,566 55
2010 1,374 72 2,253 82 4,403 50
2011 1,371 64 2,278 80 3,557 55
2012 1,415 60 2,205 80 3,776 55
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,445 40 6,736 36    
1999 719 50 4,947 46    
2000 780 48 5,974 41    
2001 768 50 5,982 43    
2002 748 52 5,623 42 142 63
2003 1,249 43 6,810 31 626 57
2004 924 48 5,319 37 639 47
2005 926 58 4,434 50 1,250 45
2006 1,008 54 3,994 52 1,636 57
2007 990 53 3,859 60 1,566 59
2008 1,137 54 3,490 65 2,787 52
2009 1,195 54 2,592 67 2,458 54
2010 1,049 58 2,207 71 3,436 51
2011 1,146 59 2,218 76 3,253 52
2012 1,032 58 2,149 78 2,783 57
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 83 51 24 69    
1999 43 59 26 70    
2000 38 64 31 70    
2001 55 61 33 70 2 84
2002 51 63 48 72 4 62
2003 51 63 51 73    
2004 38 68 25 84 170 45
2005 37 67 41 74 313 41
2006 67 63 186 55 566 36
2007 74 56 147 59 522 40
2008 101 58 36 81 313 46
2009 141 50 22 87 886 35
2010 106 57 21 84 1,091 36
2011 94 56 27 85 816 42
2012 78 64 53 72 607 45
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 73 45 27 61    
1999 37 46 16 68    
2000 36 54 29 69    
2001 48 56 22 71 1 84
2002 37 56 51 63 1 72
2003 34 57 34 66 2 81
2004 43 53 51 66 168 42
2005 39 56 47 71 216 44
2006 67 54 184 54 603 35
2007 57 54 148 55 476 40
2008 85 51 38 73 290 45
2009 97 47 22 76 631 38
2010 101 49 23 77 1,098 34
2011 80 51 27 79 848 41
2012 61 58 51 73 605 43
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998 6 52        
1999 5 59        
2000 3 68 50 28    
2001 8 60 46 34    
2002 10 57 43 34    
2003 12 58 65 35    
2004 12 57 105 30    
2005 16 56 80 36    
2006 17 57 99 35 1 23
2007 21 56 113 34    
2008 18 56 170 33    
2009 24 55 100 35 5 21
2010 26 55 122 33    
2011 17 65 113 37    
2012 36 53 90 40 3 30
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
GRINDEKS, A JOINT STOCK COMPANY 4 4061
AMANDA PATENT & LICENSING SIA 2 7182
BALTROTORS, SIA 2 7182
HAIROSTRAIGHT, SIA 1 12086
LATVIJAS UNIVERSITATE 1 12086
RIGAS TEHNISKA UNIVERSITATE 1 12086
SABIEDRIBA AR IEROBEZOTU ATBILDIBU SDMD 1 12086
TETRA, SIA 1 12086
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998         5 50
1999     55 41 1 72
2000     42 44 4 60
2001         2 70
2002     30 47 3 70
2003         12 58
2004 1 47 29 54 18 57
2005 3 45 40 49 9 69
2006 5 42 19 52 15 60
2007 5 44     24 69
2008 6 48     65 51
2009 12 43     158 44
2010 10 47     177 41
2011 9 48     95 50
2012 6 52     112 51
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Latvia is a member of the European Patent Convention from 2005. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office. Due to lack of information on designation, filings by other nationals at the EPO are not counted as non-resident filings for Latvia.
Latvia is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office; filings by other nationals at OHIM are considered non-resident filings via regional office for Latvia.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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