World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

United Kingdom

Population (Million): 63.23 (2012) (Rank = 22)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 2068.96 (2012) (Rank = 7)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 42,558 115,920 5,440 1595.09
1999 44,834 130,013 5,615 1645.61
2000 46,392 183,523 5,228 1715.31
2001 46,906 139,785 5,321 1764.80
2002 45,320 136,263 5,771 1807.73
2003 45,201 140,700 23,991 1876.70
2004 46,094 209,332 38,451 1931.27
2005 47,014 230,495 42,046 1984.85
2006 47,841 263,654 41,556 2036.47
2007 50,164 308,575 53,992 2110.45
2008 51,446 286,901 46,525 2090.02
2009 48,768 265,517 42,596 2006.95
2010 50,879 293,618 50,505 2043.06
2011 50,805 323,928 52,970 2063.34
2012 51,238 354,152 56,038 2068.96
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 23,502 5 10,083 12 19,056 5
1999 25,471 5 10,399 10 19,363 5
2000 26,409 5 10,697 10 19,983 5
2001 26,276 6 10,658 10 20,630 5
2002 25,333 6 10,907 10 19,987 5
2003 25,269 6 11,198 10 19,932 6
2004 23,969 6 10,776 12 22,125 7
2005 22,483 7 10,155 13 24,531 7
2006 22,207 8 8,261 15 25,634 7
2007 22,356 8 7,624 15 27,808 7
2008 21,593 8 6,856 16 29,853 6
2009 20,807 8 6,480 15 27,961 7
2010 20,892 8 6,439 15 29,987 7
2011 20,107 8 6,916 15 30,698 7
2012 20,108 8 7,865 15 31,130 7
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Pharmaceuticals 7.87
Organic fine chemistry 6.32
Medical technology 5.91
Civil engineering 5.22
Computer technology 4.99
Measurement 4.95
Biotechnology 4.14
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 4.10
Transport 3.72
Basic materials chemistry 3.66
Others 49.12
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 5,160 7 6,081 8 10,912 5
1999 4,741 8 5,085 8 11,250 5
2000 4,380 10 5,250 9 10,559 5
2001 4,177 9 4,748 10 10,825 5
2002 5,473 9 5,297 10 11,058 5
2003 6,341 9 6,093 9 12,002 5
2004 6,280 8 6,761 8 11,161 5
2005 5,899 8 6,408 11 10,449 6
2006 5,232 8 4,929 14 10,991 6
2007 3,970 10 3,872 15 10,907 6
2008 4,044 9 3,290 14 10,700 7
2009 3,764 10 3,310 14 10,856 7
2010 4,180 10 3,271 16 12,524 7
2011 4,938 10 4,181 16 13,439 7
2012 4,996 10 3,890 14 15,198 7
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004 473,904 3
2005    
2006    
2007    
2008    
2009    
2010 424,209 7
2011 445,380 7
2012 459,447 7
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998         108 12
1999         136 12
2000         133 10
2001         92 12
2002         182 12
2003         279 8
2004         100 12
2005         93 16
2006         82 14
2007         94 15
2008         111 14
2009         70 17
2010         151 14
2011         146 14
2012         129 16
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 25,238 10 16,207 7 90,682 4
1999 27,344 12 16,506 9 102,669 4
2000 33,357 12 17,104 14 150,166 3
2001 26,961 13 16,634 10 112,824 3
2002 27,556 14 14,298 10 108,707 3
2003 27,725 15 13,191 13 112,975 4
2004 28,923 15 13,113 16 180,409 3
2005 31,168 14 12,835 16 199,327 3
2006 34,997 15 12,365 21 228,657 3
2007 38,155 13 11,508 21 270,420 3
2008 33,983 13 10,228 25 252,918 3
2009 33,191 15 9,084 22 232,326 3
2010 35,632 15 9,690 24 257,986 3
2011 40,776 14 8,214 27 283,152 3
2012 45,607 13 7,638 29 308,545 3
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 16,581 9 12,962 10 27,265 7
1999 15,962 9 12,116 10 22,877 7
2000 19,284 9 15,240 5 23,118 7
2001 18,811 8 15,723 6 23,643 6
2002 17,656 11 12,939 8 25,539 6
2003 21,287 10 11,427 12 81,952 4
2004 21,946 8 11,128 13 123,040 3
2005 24,809 9 11,683 12 179,550 3
2006 24,904 9 13,552 11 177,531 3
2007 28,545 10 10,153 19 197,624 3
2008 37,114 9 10,733 22 241,830 3
2009 32,400 11 4,356 39 250,002 3
2010 32,666 12 4,082 42 273,593 3
2011 34,065 12 7,531 24 248,842 3
2012 38,251 12 7,270 25 260,069 3
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 3,614 7 5,408 2 1,826 8
1999 3,607 7 5,625 2 2,008 8
2000 3,633 7 5,747 3 1,595 9
2001 3,631 7 5,072 3 1,690 8
2002 4,395 7 5,110 4 1,376 8
2003 4,877 7 2,239 9 19,114 4
2004 4,606 7 901 20 33,845 6
2005 4,457 8 614 28 37,589 5
2006 4,551 8 409 40 37,005 5
2007 5,975 7 469 30 48,017 3
2008 5,155 8 328 41 41,370 5
2009 4,677 8 236 38 37,919 5
2010 5,093 8 163 45 45,412 5
2011 5,989 8 221 41 46,981 5
2012 6,539 7 183 47 49,499 5
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 3,194 6 5,317 1 1,302 9
1999 3,724 6 5,931 2 1,329 9
2000 3,812 6 5,956 2 1,493 9
2001 3,249 6 4,579 3 1,255 9
2002 3,834 6 5,358 3 846 8
2003 664 18     10,993 7
2004 4,344 7 1,014 12 37,072 4
2005 4,304 7 688 18 38,790 5
2006 3,803 7 402 39 36,949 5
2007 5,126 7 851 21 45,487 4
2008 5,258 7 334 37 41,608 5
2009 1,405 15     38,678 5
2010 1,607 14     43,935 5
2011 5,506 7 176 45 46,226 5
2012 5,877 7 208 40 46,964 5
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998 3,677 4        
1999 4,215 4        
2000 4,805 4 527 9 6 18
2001 5,499 4 505 9 1 26
2002 5,389 4 684 9 5 20
2003 5,213 4 669 9 4 18
2004 5,036 5 954 9 1 21
2005 5,099 5 1,327 8    
2006 5,097 6 1,474 7    
2007 5,542 6 1,689 6    
2008 5,467 7 1,659 7 26 10
2009 5,044 7 1,573 6 16 12
2010 4,891 7 1,698 7 30 11
2011 4,848 7 1,886 7 29 13
2012 4,895 7 2,307 6 33 15
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
UNILEVER PLC 182 91
BAE SYSTEMS PLC 75 266
GLAXO GROUP LIMITED 62 320
ISIS INNOVATION LIMITED 62 320
DYSON TECHNOLOGY LIMITED 58 354
GE HEALTHCARE LIMITED 54 376
BRITISH AMERICAN TOBACCO (INVESTMENTS) LIMITED 52 390
BRITISH TELECOMMUNICATIONS PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY 47 436
IMPERIAL INNOVATIONS LTD. 44 463
JOHNSON MATTHEY PUBLIC LIMITED COMPANY 44 463
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 2,274 2 994 20 8,063 4
1999 2,374 3 1,265 21 8,235 4
2000 2,859 3 1,033 23 9,214 4
2001 3,399 2 1,175 23 9,799 4
2002 3,441 3 1,354 22 10,792 4
2003 3,706 3 1,487 21 10,945 4
2004 3,672 4 1,369 22 14,054 6
2005 3,482 6 1,451 22 15,915 6
2006 3,417 6 1,690 23 16,136 6
2007 3,604 5 1,865 21 17,553 6
2008 3,648 5 1,602 23 19,479 5
2009 3,661 5 1,670 21 18,271 5
2010 3,432 5 1,717 23 19,543 6
2011 3,470 5 1,613 25 20,871 5
2012 3,262 5 1,804 23 19,563 6
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
United Kingdom is a member of the European Patent Convention from 1978. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office. Due to lack of information on designation, filings by other nationals at the EPO are not counted as non-resident filings for United Kingdom.
United Kingdom is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office; filings by other nationals at OHIM are considered non-resident filings via regional office for United Kingdom.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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