World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

Estonia

Population (Million): 1.34 (2012) (Rank = 148)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 25.08 (2012) (Rank = 103)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 23 637 33 14.41
1999 17 707 24 14.37
2000 19 887 23 15.77
2001 25 901 22 16.76
2002 26 1,413 32 17.86
2003 65 1,761 51 19.24
2004 49 2,403 202 20.46
2005 53 2,592 154 22.28
2006 64 3,551 394 24.52
2007 114 5,338 333 26.36
2008 154 4,704 524 25.27
2009 270 3,950 721 21.71
2010 304 5,642 970 22.43
2011 275 6,288 1,168 24.29
2012 297 7,720 1,161 25.08
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 20 81 443 46 3 76
1999 13 83 604 43 4 73
2000 13 84 791 44 6 73
2001 18 82 699 41 7 70
2002 19 82 700 42 7 77
2003 25 81 584 44 40 70
2004 31 79 97 74 18 85
2005 26 83 15 95 27 81
2006 41 78 9 94 23 72
2007 57 75 19 90 57 72
2008 69 69 10 93 85 63
2009 110 66 20 82 160 54
2010 111 68 13 84 193 51
2011 92 70 15 88 183 56
2012 61 69 5 91 236 52
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Biotechnology 7.82
Basic materials chemistry 6.44
Civil engineering 5.88
Engines, pumps, turbines 5.25
Measurement 5.19
Pharmaceuticals 4.69
Medical technology 4.63
Thermal processes and apparatus 3.94
Chemical engineering 3.63
Analysis of biological materials 3.38
Others 49.15
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 2 81 80 62    
1999 6 76 97 61    
2000 1 81 83 61    
2001 14 70 243 46    
2002 12 73 338 42 1 58
2003 11 70 252 45 14 71
2004 8 72 191 46 8 68
2005 3 80     11 64
2006 2 83     8 67
2007 17 71 1,043 25 30 62
2008 17 70 1,167 26 37 60
2009 20 68 1,254 27 25 67
2010 34 61 93 57 50 59
2011 38 62 97 58 50 62
2012 57 57 64 62 84 53
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004 1,200 39
2005 1,395 37
2006 2,070 34
2007 2,909 32
2008 3,893 32
2009 4,753 35
2010 1,320 52
2011 1,293 55
2012 1,276 54
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 38 28 9 25    
1999 25 32 6 31    
2000 47 31 3 34    
2001 36 28 7 26    
2002 69 24 3 25    
2003 61 30 6 30 3 53
2004 78 29 7 30 4 44
2005 74 29 13 29 4 42
2006 67 32 8 31 2 50
2007 117 26 7 35 1 67
2008 132 27 8 38 4 50
2009 128 31 4 41 6 48
2010 158 31 8 39 1 71
2011 82 34 6 40 2 69
2012 63 38 11 36 10 43
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 637 67 2,349 80    
1999 707 69 3,954 61    
2000 884 71 5,064 58 3 97
2001 901 69 5,626 54    
2002 1,017 68 5,213 53 396 60
2003 1,058 67 6,234 46 703 59
2004 1,271 67 4,859 59 1,132 50
2005 1,302 70 4,015 70 1,290 49
2006 1,343 72 3,791 76 2,208 53
2007 1,650 66 3,657 80 3,688 51
2008 1,517 67 3,226 80 3,187 52
2009 1,141 66 2,187 83 2,809 53
2010 1,224 74 2,014 91 4,418 48
2011 1,077 70 2,088 85 5,211 46
2012 1,095 66 1,870 87 6,625 44
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 498 57 8,679 29    
1999 399 59 3,709 56    
2000 644 54 5,530 46    
2001 976 45 5,089 50    
2002 748 52 4,591 50 325 49
2003 641 54 5,360 44 388 65
2004 859 52 4,942 42 482 51
2005 1,027 55 3,821 58 901 52
2006 1,000 55 3,489 62 1,404 59
2007 934 56 3,293 69 2,120 55
2008 1,026 58 2,943 74 3,141 51
2009 960 58 2,219 76 2,787 50
2010 829 65 1,823 83 3,777 48
2011 891 65 1,875 82 4,768 45
2012 1,026 59 1,773 82 5,137 43
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 33 60 116 61    
1999 24 65 83 62    
2000 20 71 70 63 3 57
2001 21 70 56 67 1 89
2002 32 66 114 62    
2003 46 64 110 63 5 79
2004 76 59 317 49 126 50
2005 51 63 390 44 103 60
2006 103 57 161 57 291 40
2007 72 57 130 60 261 44
2008 100 59 51 70 424 42
2009 116 54 28 77 605 39
2010 104 58 23 83 866 39
2011 92 57 20 89 1,076 40
2012 125 55 20 94 1,036 40
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 27 53 104 55    
1999            
2000 20 61 74 60 2 54
2001 17 64 75 62 11 54
2002 33 57 98 59    
2003         4 76
2004 54 50 207 54 50 58
2005 60 52 214 54 148 51
2006 54 56 133 57 192 42
2007 124 44 97 61 370 42
2008 100 48 88 60 341 42
2009 80 50 27 70 581 40
2010 97 51 22 78 762 39
2011 95 50 19 85 1,127 39
2012 128 50 22 86 948 38
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998 2 70        
1999 3 64        
2000 6 55 25 34    
2001 11 53 47 32    
2002 11 54 41 35    
2003 8 62 71 33    
2004 12 57 74 34    
2005 13 59 71 41    
2006 18 56 98 36    
2007 29 51 103 36    
2008 36 49 98 37 1 33
2009 30 50 51 42    
2010 45 48 49 47 1 37
2011 35 49 62 45 1 39
2012 34 54 79 42    
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
UNIVERSITY OF TARTU 9 1978
OU SKELETON TECHNOLOGIES 3 5220
TALLINN UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGY 3 5220
VISIOMETRIC OU 3 5220
BESTAIR LLC 1 12086
ENEFIT OUTOTEC TECHNOLOGY OU 1 12086
INNOVATIVE PARKING SOLUTIONS OU 1 12086
LDIAMON AS 1 12086
LM DEVELOPMENTS OU 1 12086
MYOTON AS 1 12086
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998     405 22 3 59
1999     549 24 3 61
2000         5 59
2001         4 61
2002         7 60
2003 7 34     19 50
2004 4 43 91 45 8 70
2005 3 45 9 59 10 66
2006 5 42 2 56 11 65
2007 9 42 11 51 25 67
2008 6 48 7 54 50 57
2009 21 40 10 50 82 53
2010 16 41 5 63 130 45
2011 17 44 5 67 86 52
2012 24 41 1 70 146 44
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Estonia is a member of the European Patent Convention from 2002. Patent filings by residents of this country at the European Patent Office (EPO) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office. Due to lack of information on designation, filings by other nationals at the EPO are not counted as non-resident filings for Estonia.
Estonia is a member of the European Union. Trademark and industrial design filings by residents of this country at the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) are considered both resident and abroad filings via regional office; filings by other nationals at OHIM are considered non-resident filings via regional office for Estonia.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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