World Intellectual Property Organization

Statistical Country Profiles

China

Population (Million): 1350.7 (2012) (Rank = 1)

Gross Domestic Product (Billion US$)(Constant 2005 US$ (PPP)): 10748.31 (2012) (Rank = 2)

IP Filings (Resident + Abroad, Including Regional) and Economy
Year Patent Trademark Industrial Design GDP (Constant 2005 US$)
1998 14,159 134,335 31,404 2887.61
1999 16,223 145,421 37,306 3107.07
2000 26,474 188,367 46,743 3368.07
2001 31,318 238,002 56,748 3647.62
2002 41,433 327,600 73,825 3979.55
2003 58,775 417,856 87,740 4377.50
2004 69,027 548,874 104,556 4819.63
2005 97,967 630,014 155,236 5364.25
2006 129,317 713,841 193,379 6045.51
2007 161,371 657,283 262,385 6903.97
2008 204,355 647,332 309,388 7566.75
2009 241,551 796,122 350,114 8262.90
2010 308,326 1,051,326 421,380 9122.24
2011 436,170 1,371,840 523,348 9970.61
2012 561,377 1,605,143 662,450 10748.31
Patent Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 13,751 8 33,645 4 408 26
1999 15,626 8 34,418 4 597 24
2000 25,346 6 26,560 6 1,128 20
2001 30,038 5 33,412 5 1,280 20
2002 39,806 5 40,426 4 1,627 19
2003 56,769 5 48,548 4 2,006 19
2004 65,786 5 64,598 2 3,241 18
2005 93,485 4 79,842 2 4,482 17
2006 122,318 4 88,183 2 6,999 16
2007 153,060 3 92,101 2 8,311 16
2008 194,579 3 95,259 2 9,776 12
2009 229,096 2 85,508 2 12,455 12
2010 293,066 1 98,111 2 15,260 11
2011 415,829 1 110,583 2 20,341 9
2012 535,313 1 117,464 2 26,064 8
Patent Applications by Top Fields of Technology (1998 - 2012)
Field of Technology Share
Digital communication 8.97
Pharmaceuticals 6.80
Computer technology 6.46
Electrical machinery, apparatus, energy 5.85
Measurement 5.11
Materials, metallurgy 4.49
Telecommunications 4.09
Basic materials chemistry 4.08
Audio-visual technology 3.48
Food chemistry 3.42
Others 47.25
Patent Grants
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 1,653 12 3,082 12 164 28
1999 3,097 10 4,540 9 213 28
2000 6,177 7 6,881 7 269 27
2001 5,395 8 10,901 6 327 25
2002 5,868 8 15,389 3 480 21
2003 11,404 7 25,750 3 580 23
2004 18,241 6 31,119 2 726 22
2005 20,705 5 32,600 2 870 22
2006 25,077 5 32,709 2 1,279 20
2007 31,945 4 36,003 2 1,557 19
2008 46,590 4 47,116 2 2,329 18
2009 65,391 3 62,998 2 3,111 15
2010 79,767 3 55,343 2 5,047 13
2011 112,347 2 59,766 2 5,817 12
2012 143,808 2 73,297 2 8,294 12
Patents in Force
Year Patents in Force Rank
2004    
2005 182,396 6
2006    
2007 271,917 5
2008 337,215 6
2009 438,036 5
2010 564,760 4
2011 696,939 3
2012 875,385 3
Utility Model Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 51,220 1 177 6 27 21
1999 57,214 1 278 5 59 16
2000 68,461 1 354 4 122 12
2001 79,275 1 447 4 83 14
2002 92,166 1 973 3 162 13
2003 107,842 1 1,273 3 267 9
2004 111,578 1 1,247 3 177 6
2005 138,085 1 1,481 3 202 8
2006 159,997 1 1,369 3 328 4
2007 179,999 1 1,325 3 302 6
2008 223,945 1 1,641 3 534 2
2009 308,861 1 1,910 2 624 2
2010 407,238 1 2,598 2 752 2
2011 581,303 1 4,164 1 849 3
2012 734,437 1 5,853 1 1,119 3
Trademark Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 129,394 2 24,298 2 4,941 19
1999 140,620 2 24,508 2 4,801 19
2000 181,717 2 30,885 2 6,650 19
2001 229,775 1 30,149 2 8,227 18
2002 321,034 1 43,914 1 6,566 22
2003 405,620 1 41,034 1 12,236 16
2004 527,591 1 54,214 1 21,283 15
2005 593,382 1 65,766 1 36,632 11
2006 669,276 1 72,666 1 44,565 11
2007 604,952 1 76,406 1 52,331 12
2008 590,525 1 78,563 1 56,807 11
2009 741,764 1 66,782 1 54,358 11
2010 973,462 1 84,018 1 77,864 10
2011 1,273,827 1 114,572 1 98,013 10
2012 1,502,540 1 117,338 1 102,603 10
Trademark Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 80,095 3 18,866 3 4,534 14
1999 96,139 2 18,420 1 4,267 14
2000 129,441 1 21,520 1 5,205 14
2001 167,563 1 24,986 1 6,160 12
2002 169,904 1 29,005 1 5,338 17
2003 206,070 1 27,060 1 9,524 15
2004 225,394 1 32,528 1 16,207 13
2005 218,731 1 34,402 1 27,790 12
2006 228,814 1 38,193 1 35,953 11
2007 215,161 1 33,036 2 42,296 11
2008 342,498 1 46,617 1 49,706 12
2009 737,228 1 81,405 1 46,773 12
2010 1,211,428 1 121,669 1 68,401 11
2011 926,330 1 80,786 1 82,177 10
2012 919,951 1 75,173 1 82,726 10
Industrial Design Applications
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 31,287 2 3,345 7 117 25
1999 37,148 1 2,905 9 158 21
2000 46,532 1 3,588 7 211 21
2001 56,460 1 4,187 5 288 21
2002 73,572 1 5,688 3 253 15
2003 86,627 1 7,427 2 1,113 19
2004 101,579 1 9,270 2 2,977 18
2005 151,587 1 11,784 1 3,649 19
2006 188,027 1 13,295 1 5,352 17
2007 253,439 1 13,993 1 8,946 16
2008 298,620 1 14,284 1 10,768 15
2009 339,654 1 11,688 1 10,460 15
2010 409,124 1 12,149 2 12,256 13
2011 507,538 1 13,930 1 15,810 13
2012 642,401 1 15,181 1 20,049 12
Industrial Design Registrations
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 26,006 2 3,248 6 80 24
1999 32,910 2 3,241 6 106 22
2000 34,652 2 3,267 7 110 25
2001 39,865 1 3,731 4 149 25
2002 49,143 1 4,299 4 141 20
2003 69,893 1 6,273 2 594 19
2004 63,068 1 7,187 1 2,289 18
2005 72,777 1 8,572 1 3,573 19
2006 92,471 1 10,090 1 4,342 18
2007 121,296 1 12,502 1 8,606 15
2008 130,647 1 10,954 2 10,003 15
2009 234,282 1 15,419 1 9,976 15
2010 318,597 1 16,646 1 11,785 13
2011 366,428 1 13,862 1 14,582 13
2012 452,629 1 14,229 1 17,914 12
International Applications via WIPO Administered Treaties
Year PCT System Rank Madrid System Rank Hague System Rank
1998 345 21        
1999 276 22        
2000 780 16 223 15 2 24
2001 1,729 11 356 13 15 15
2002 1,016 15 252 17 13 16
2003 1,299 14 478 11 3 20
2004 1,707 13 1,029 8    
2005 2,503 10 1,354 7    
2006 3,942 8 1,340 8    
2007 5,455 7 1,484 8 1 25
2008 6,120 6 1,630 8    
2009 7,900 5 1,393 7 2 32
2010 12,296 4 1,999 6    
2011 16,402 4 2,205 6 5 29
2012 18,617 4 2,178 7 2 36
PCT Top Applicants (Publication Year = 2012)
Applicant Publication Rank
ZTE CORPORATION 3,906 1
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD. 1,801 4
SHENZHEN CHINA STAR OPTOELECTRONICS TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD 204 78
HUAWEI DEVICE CO., LTD. 200 80
CHINA ACADEMY OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY 171 101
INSTITUTE OF MICROELECTRONICS OF CHINESE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES 161 108
TENCENT TECHNOLOGY (SHENZHEN) COMPANY LIMITED 122 146
HUNAN SANY INTELLIGENT CONTROL EQUIPMENT CO., LTD 94 202
PEKING UNIVERSITY 92 208
DA TANG MOBILE COMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT CO., LTD. 82 242
PCT National Phase Entry (Direct and via Regional Office)
Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
1998 25 20 11,411 5 76 28
1999 30 18 13,320 5 89 27
2000 85 16 15,716 4 206 25
2001 79 18 19,152 5 208 26
2002 135 17 22,522 5 339 25
2003 132 19 23,222 5 384 24
2004 200 21 32,489 3 1,167 21
2005 313 18 39,820 1 1,750 20
2006 350 17 47,850 1 2,214 18
2007 761 15 49,978 1 3,133 17
2008 574 17 57,067 1 4,043 17
2009 640 15 52,971 2 4,633 16
2010 1,107 12 61,210 2 6,889 11
2011 2,289 9 62,197 2 10,952 10
2012 2,068 9 67,625 2 15,246 9
Source: WIPO statistics database. Last updated : 03/2014
The statistics are based on data collected from IP offices or extracted from the PATSTAT database (for statistics by field of technology). Data might be missing for some years and offices or may be incomplete for some origins. The data relating to population and gross domestic product (GDP) are from the UN Statistics Division and the World Bank.
A resident filing refers to an application filed in the country by its own resident; whereas a non-resident filing refers to the one filed by a foreign applicant. An abroad filing refers to an application filed by this country's resident at a foreign office.
Where an office provides total filings without breaking them down into resident and non-resident filings, WIPO divides the total count using the historical share of resident filings at that office.
IP filings and Economy lists patent, trademark and industrial design filings worldwide by applicants from this country (resident + abroad).
One filing at the Eurasian Patent Organization (EAPO), the African Intellectual Property Organization (OAPI), the Benelux Office for Intellectual Property (BOIP) or the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) is treated as equavalent of multiple abroad filings at each member state; whereas one filing at the European Patent Office (EPO) or the African Regional Intellectual Property Organization (ARIPO) is counted as one abroad filing due to lack of information on designation.
Contact information: Economics and Statistics Division, WIPO. Tel.: +41-22-338-91-11, email: Ipstats.mail@wipo.int.

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