产权组织致力于支持性别平等的举措

设想一个实现了性别平等的世界。一个不因性别而导致工资差距的世界,在此世界中,男女得到同样尊重,处于决策职位的男女数量均等。虽然达到此现实还有一段长路要走,但我们产权组织正在努力创造公平的职场环境,采取的措施包括鼓励和支持更多的女性参与创新创造并使用知识产权制度。

我们认识到女性在支持人类进步方面可作重大贡献。只有鼓励年轻女性并为她们创造条件,使她们发挥自己在科学、技术、工程和数学(STEM科目)以及艺术方面的才干,我们才能取得最佳成果,满足不断增长并且高度多样化的全球人口的需求。

产权组织的性别举措

作为联合国负责知识产权、技术和创新事务的牵头机构,根据联合国的可持续发展目标,产权组织致力于促进创新创造方面的性别平等

因此,产权组织率先在提高意识、加强能力和领导力方面针对女性实行一系列举措。

领导力

领导力对于缩小性别差距的任何努力都是至关重要的。2015年,产权组织总干事高锐率先加入国际性别平等倡议网,该网络在机构层面促进性别平等。如今,该网络包括200多个国际组织、外交使团和非政府机构的领袖。作为国际性别平等的倡议者,总干事积极参与,以达到可甄别的性别指标并监督该领域的进展情况。

(照片: GENEVA GENDER CHAMPIONS NETWORK)

提高性别意识

除领导力之外,提高对性别平等重要性的认识是改变世界各地性别观点的核心。产权组织正在这一领域开展更广泛的活动,包括:

庆祝女性的成就

今年的世界知识产权活动——“变革的动力:女性参与创新创造”——庆祝的就是女性的研精毕智、求知若渴和锐意进取,是她们推动着当今世界发生变革,塑造着我们共同的未来。

 

加强关于女性使用知识产权制度的数据收集

例如,每年出版各旗舰报告,包括世界知识产权利合作条等,这些报告在国际专利活动的性别方面是最新和可靠的数据来源。

 

通过知识产权知识为女性赋能

自1998年以来,WIPO学院通过其一系列知识产权培训和能力建设计划为女性赋能,尤其是针对发展中国家、最不发达国家和转型经济体的女性们。在每年参加WIPO学院远程学习计划的约5万名学员中,有一半是女性

 

支持农村女性取得经济自主

产权组织为肯尼亚Taita Taveta县的400多名女性提供支持,帮助她们获得用于篮子的集体商标,并为她们的手工艺品开发区域品牌。这使得她们与经纪人谈判时能达成更好的交易、扩大生产规模、为其商品标出更高的价格,并在整体上增强其谋生的机会。

 

强调榜样和良好做法

产权组织的网页“性别平等识产权”重点介绍世界各地创新创造方面的榜样以及良好做法。

支持女性发明人和创业者

产权组织及其合作伙伴每年在韩国首尔组织一次论坛和讲习班,作为韩国国际女性发明博览会的一部分。来自20多个国家的女性发明人应邀参加并展示其发明。

在知识产权管理方面为女性赋能

自2013年起,产权组织一直与韩国政府以及世界女性发明人与企业家协会(WWIEA)合作,提供知识产权管理方面的培训。来自整个阿拉伯地区、亚洲和东欧的女性通过此活动增强了知识产权管理技能。

支持波兰的创新创造

自2008年以来,产权组织每年都与波兰专利局合作举办创新创造国际大会。波兰专利局牵头负责推动该国女性参与创新创造。

为整个非洲从事农业综合业务的女性赋能

产权组织及其合作伙伴还致力于促进非洲女性农业科学家进一步了解知识产权系统如何支持整个非洲大陆农业未来的发展。为此,2017年底,产权组织及其合作伙伴在摩洛哥卡萨布兰卡举办了一次区域会议,主题是“创新和知识产权推动农业综合业务获得竞争力:为非洲女性研究人员和创业者赋能”。来自50多个非洲国家的约200名女性农业研究人员和创业者参加了此次活动。

推动女性获得平等代表权的活动

出席产权组织年度成员国大会的女性代表达到36%,花了超过36年的时间。照此速度,代表间的性别平等要等到2035年才能实现。产权组织正在提高成员国的认识,鼓励它们采取行动“扭转趋势”,尽快实现性别平等。

提高对女性、创新和知识产权的认识

产权组织每年都会在成员国大会的间隙,组织有关性别相关议题的专题小组讨论。这提供了一个机会,用以探索可采取什么措施来促进创新生态系统发展的多样性及融合。

为知识产权领域的女性领导赋能

产权组织为出席成员国大会的女性代表组织领导力讲习班。讲习班旨在培养参与者的个人领导技能,并有助于加强参加产权组织成员国大会的女性代表群体。

促进仲裁中的平等代表权

2016年,产权组织仲裁与调解中心发起了仲裁平等代表权行动宣言。到目前为止,包括产权组织在内的1,000多个签署方已签署该宣言,该宣言旨在促进涉及仲裁案的男女平等代表权,其初衷是提高国际仲裁界的主要行为主体对性别多样化需求的认识,特别是在仲裁法庭方面。

Celebrating the achievements of women

This year’s World Intellectual Property Day campaign – Powering change: Women in innovation and creativity – celebrates the brilliance, ingenuity and courage of the women who are driving change in our world and shaping our common future.

Strengthening data gathering on the use of the IP system by women

For example, the annual publication of flagship reports such as the World Intellectual Property Indicators and the Patent Cooperation Treaty Yearly Review provide an up-to-date and reliable source of data on the gender dimension of international patenting activity.

Empowering women through IP knowledge

Since 1998, the WIPO Academy has been empowering women through its range of IP training and capacity-building programs, in particular those in developing and least developed countries and transition economies. Of the estimated 50,000 students enrolled in the WIPO Academy’s distance learning program every year, half are women.

Animated gif with gender statistics

Supporting the economic empowerment of rural women

WIPO supported more than 400 rural women in Taita Taveta County, Kenya, in securing a collective mark for their baskets and in developing a regional brand for their crafts. This has enabled them to negotiate better deals with brokers, scale up production, command higher prices for their wares and generally strengthen their livelihood opportunities.

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(照片: WIPO/Shingo Tsuda)
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(照片: WIPO/Shingo Tsuda)

Highlighting role models and good practices

WIPO’s webpage “Gender Equality and Intellectual Property” highlights role models in innovation and creativity as well as good practices around the world.

Supporting women inventors and entrepreneurs

WIPO and its partners organize a forum and workshop annually in Seoul, Republic of Korea, as part of the Korea International Women’s Invention Exposition, where women inventors from more than 20 countries are invited to showcase their inventions.

Empowering women in IP management

Since 2013, WIPO has been working with the Government of the Republic of Korea and the World Women Inventors & Entrepreneurs Association (WWIEA) to provide training in IP management. Women from across the Arab region, Asia and Eastern Europe have been able to hone their IP management skills through this initiative.

Supporting creativity and innovation in Poland

Since 2008, as a co-organizer of the annual International Conference of Innovation and Creativity, WIPO has been working with the Patent Office of Poland, which leads in promoting women’s creativity and innovation in that country.

Empowering women in agri-business across Africa

WIPO and its partners are also working to promote better understanding among female agricultural scientists in Africa of how the IP system can support the future development of agriculture across the continent. To this end, in late 2017 WIPO and its partners organized a regional conference in Casablanca, Morocco, on Innovation and Intellectual Property as Engines for Competitive Agribusiness: Empowering Women Researchers and Entrepreneurs in Africa. Some 200 women agricultural researchers and entrepreneurs from more than 50 African countries took part in the event.

Campaigning for the equal representation of women

It has taken more than 36 years for the number of women participating as delegates at the annual meetings of the WIPO Assemblies to reach 36 percent. At this rate, gender parity among delegates will only be achieved in 2035. WIPO is raising awareness among its member states and encouraging them to take action to “bend the trend” and make gender parity a reality as soon as possible.

Raising awareness about women, innovation and IP

Every year WIPO organizes a panel discussion on a gender-related topic on the side lines of the WIPO Assemblies meetings. This provides an opportunity to explore what can be done to foster greater diversity and inclusion in the development of innovation ecosystems.

University of Cambridge Research Director Speaks at Women, Innovation and IP Panel (Photo: WIPO/Martin)

Empowering women leaders in IP

WIPO organizes a leadership workshop for female delegates attending the WIPO Assemblies. The workshop supports the development of participants’ personal leadership skills and serves to strengthen the community of female delegates taking part in the WIPO Assemblies.

Promoting equal representation in arbitration

In 2016, the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center launched its Equal Representation in Arbitration Pledge. So far, more than 1,000 signatories, including WIPO, have signed up to that Pledge, which seeks to promote equal representation of women and men in cases involving arbitration. The Pledge is designed to raise awareness among leading actors within international arbitration circles of the need for more gender diversity, in particular on arbitral tribunals.

WIPO sharpens its gender focus

Within the walls of WIPO, steps are also being taken to create a culture of gender awareness and accountability. In 2014, the Director General launched the Organization’s first Policy on Gender Equality PDF, WIPO Policy on Gender Equality. This was an important step in embedding gender into the fabric of the Organization, its programs, activities and operating policies. It also provided for the establishment of gender focal points across the Organization. WIPO now has 25 gender focal points, covering key areas of IP including patents, copyright, trademarks, traditional knowledge and more.

As of this year, gender has become an integral part of WIPO’s strategic outlook. Gender perspectives have become ingrained in the Organization’s day-to-day operations and in a highly transparent manner, with progress tracked on the Organization’s website.

WIPO’s strong commitment to gender equality is evident. And while much has been achieved, there is still a great deal to do – not just within WIPO, but in collaboration with its 191 member states. Leaders of these countries have committed to the full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, which includes gender equality. Together, we can and will achieve gender equality in the fields of IP, innovation and creativity around the world. But if we are to benefit from the many advantages of gender equality, we need to act now.