World Intellectual Property Organization

The Economic Performance of Copyright-Based Industries

Industries that make use of copyright and related rights protection are often referred to as the copyright-based or the creative industries. They generate direct and indirect contributions to economic performance and development and are considered of growing importance for the achievement of important national economic and social objectives.

WIPO has undertaken activities to support countries in the collection of evidence on the economic performance of the copyright industries and on establishing the impact that copyright has had on them. While a number of projects seek to develop methodological advice and guidance to member states and stakeholders in undertaking studies, others are providing assistance in training, policy development and research in the economics of copyright.

Developing new methodologies

  • Draft guidelines on Assessing the Economic, Social and Cultural Impact of Copyright on the Creative Economy  WIPO Draft Guidelines on Assessing the Economic, Social and Cultural Impact of Copyright on the Creative Economy

Measuring the size of copyright-based industries

WIPO provides assistance to member states seeking to determine the economic contribution of their copyright-based industries in terms of their share in gross domestic product, generation of employment and trade.  This assistance follows the methodology outlined in the 2003 WIPO Guide on Surveying the Economic Contribution of the Copyright-based Industries PDF, WIPO Guide on Surveying the Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries. The guide:

  • summarizes existing experience in surveying creative industries, which operate on the basis of copyright and related rights protection;
  • presents a practical instrument in the form of guidelines, recommendations and survey methods to be considered and applied when undertaking surveys on the economic contribution of a nation's creative industries; and
  • establishes a basis for comparison of future surveys built on reliable data and common methodologies.

Results of national studies (prepared by local researchers with the assistance of WIPO experts)

  • Summary of findings in WIPO studies PDF, Summary of the findings in the WIPO studies
  • Argentina (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Argentina, 2014
  • Australia (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Australia, 2011
  • Bhutan (2012) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Bhutan, 2012
  • Brunei Darussalam (2012) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Brunei Darussalam, 2012
  • Bulgaria (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Bulgaria, 2008
  • Canada (2004) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Canada, 2004
  • China (2011) PDF, Economic
    Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in China, 2011
  • Colombia (2010) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Colombia, 2010
  • Croatia (2010) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Croatia, 2010
  • Dominica (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014
  • Finland (2011) PDF, Economic
    Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Finland, 2011
  • Grenada (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014
  • Hungary (2004) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Hungary, 2004
  • Indonesia (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Indonesia, 2014
  • Jamaica (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Jamaica, 2008
  • Jordan (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Jordan, 2012
  • Kenya (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Kenya, 2011
  • Latvia (2004) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Latvia, 2004
  • Lebanon (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Lebanon, 2008
  • Lithuania (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Lithuania, 2012
  • Malawi (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Malawi, 2013
  • Malaysia (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Malaysia, 2011
  • Mexico (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Mexico, 2008
  • Netherlands (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Netherlands, 2011
  • Pakistan (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Pakistan, 2011
  • Panama (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Panama, 2011
  • Peru (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Peru, 2011
  • Philippines (2008) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Philippines, 2008
  • Republic of Korea (2012) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Republic of Korea, 2012
  • Romania (2010) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Romania, 2010
  • Russian Federation (2010) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Russian Federation, 2010
  • Saint Kitts and Nevis (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014
  • Saint Lucia (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014
  • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014
  • Serbia (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Serbia, 2014
  • Singapore (2004) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Singapore, 2004
  • Slovenia (2011) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Slovenia, 2011
  • South Africa (2012) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in South Africa, 2012
  • Thailand (2012) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Thailand, 2012
  • Trinidad and Tobago (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Trinidad and Tobago, 2012
  • Turkey (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Turkey, 2014
  • Ukraine (2010) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Ukraine, 2010
  • United Republic of Tanzania (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in the United Republic of Tanzania, 2012
  • United States of America (2004) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in the United States of America, 2004  | (2013) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in the United States of America, 2013

  • Organization of the East Caribbean States (2014) PDF, Economic Contribution of the Copyright-Based Industries in Organization of the East Caribbean States, 2014

Copyright Impact Studies

WIPO provides assistance to its member states in identifying the specific role that copyright and related rights have played in the performance of selected copyright industries.  The following studies have resulted from this assistance:

International survey on text and image copyright levies

This survey provides an overview of the functioning of the various models of text and image levies in the world demonstrating that the practice of operating levies is a commonly used way to provide authors and publishers with remuneration for certain uses of their copyright works.  International Survey on Text and Image Copyright Levies - 2014

Study on the economic contribution of the software industry in Lebanon

This study describes and explains the economic performance of software industries in Lebanon and identifies the opportunities and main challenges these industries face. It confirms that Lebanon has an active software sector and signs are that it has a good growth potential over the next decade.  Study on the Economic Contribution of the Software Industry in Lebanon

Study on the publishing industry in Mexico

This study provides an economic analysis of the performance of the Mexican publishing industry. It confirms the importance of the publishing industry as a major sector contributing 48% of the added value from all the cultural and creative industries in Mexico, which represents 2.34% of the national GDP. Study on the Publishing Industry in Mexico, in Spanish (in Spanish)

International survey on private copying

This survey contains a collection of key data on private copying compensation systems around the world. It provides a global overview of an important element of the copyright and related rights infrastructure and aims to assist evidence-based decision-making and to offer an update on important developments in the private copying law and practice of various countries across the globe.  PDF, International Survey on Private Copying

International survey on private copying (2012)

This survey represents a collection of key data on private copying compensation systems around the world. It is intended to provide a global overview of an important element of the copyright and related rights infrastructure: private copying  compensation (also known as private copying levies, or just levies). It aims to assist evidence-based decision-making and to offer an update on important developments in the private copying law and practice of various countries across the globe. PDF, International Survey on Private Copying

Study on the economic, social and cultural impact of IP in the creative industries

This study provides guidance for the development of new methods for evaluating the role of intellectual property (IP) laws in the development of creative industries and the role of those industries in economic, social and cultural development in general. It explores ways to complement existing measurement and evaluation exercises on the contribution of the creative industries to national economies.  PDF, Study on the Economic, Social and Cultural Impact of IP in the Creative Industries

Study on the impact of enhanced copyright protection on the development of the textile market industry in Nantong, China

This study offers a detailed analysis on the link between improved enforcement of copyright and its use by the market players to boost their revenues. It also looks at the multiple positive externalities created by the respect for copyright protection. PDF, Study on the Impact of Enhanced Copyright Protection on the Development of the Textile Market Industry

 

 

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