WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center



MasterCard International Incorporated v. Dhe Jonathan Firm

Case No. D2007-0831


1. The Parties

Complainant is MasterCard International Incorporated, New York, United States of America, represented by Norris, McLaughlin & Marcus, New York, United States of America.

Respondent is Dhe Jonathan Firm, Culver City, California, United States of America.


2. The Domain Name and Registrar

The disputed domain name <mastercardcorp.com> is registered with Go Daddy Software.


3. Procedural History

The Complaint was filed with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center (the “Center”) on June 6, 2007, naming Domains By Proxy.com as Respondent. On June 8, 2007, the Center transmitted by email to GoDaddy.com a request for registrar verification in connection with the domain name at issue. On June 8, 2007, GoDaddy.com transmitted by email to the Center its verification response confirming that the domain name is registered with GoDaddy.com but that the current registrant of the domain name is Dhe Jonathan Firm, Culver City, California. The Center issued a Complaint Deficiency Notification to Complainant, and Complainant filed an Amended Complaint naming Dhe Jonathan Firm as Respondent on June 15, 2007. The Center verified that the Amended Complaint satisfied the formal requirements of the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Policy”), the Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Rules”), and the WIPO Supplemental Rules for Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy (the “Supplemental Rules”).

In accordance with the Rules, paragraphs 2(a) and 4(a), the Center formally notified the Respondent of the Complaint, and the proceedings commenced on June 19, 2007. In accordance with the Rules, paragraph 5(a), the due date for Response was July 9, 2007. Respondent did not submit any response. Accordingly, the Center notified Respondent’s default on July 11, 2007.

The Center appointed Lynda J. Zadra-Symes as the sole panelist in this matter on July 25, 2007. The Panel finds that it was properly constituted. The Panel has submitted the Statement of Acceptance and Declaration of Impartiality and Independence, as required by the Center to ensure compliance with the Rules, paragraph 7.


4. Factual Background

Complainant is a leading global payments solutions company providing a broad variety of innovative services in support of its global members’ credit, deposit access, electronic cash, business-to-business and related payment programs. Complainant, through its predecessors in interest, has been in the payment card business since 1966 and has operated under the name and mark MASTERCARD since at least as early as 1980. In April of 1980, Complainant’s predecessor filed an application with the United States Trademark Office to register the trademark MASTERCARD. Since then, Complainant has gone to great lengths to protect the valuable goodwill in its name and mark MASTERCARD and has registered its mark in practically every nation around the world.

Complainant owns over 100 United States of America registrations and applications for marks incorporating the term MASTERCARD, as well as a number of registrations and applications in various jurisdictions worldwide.

In addition to its trademark registrations in numerous jurisdictions worldwide, Complainant has registered numerous domain names containing the name and mark MASTERCARD or variants thereof, including, inter alia, <mastercard.com>, <mastercard.net>,<mastercard.org>, <mastercardonline.com>, <mastercardonline.net> and <mastercardonline.org>. The earliest of these registered domain names, <mastercard.com>, was registered on July 27, 1994, long prior to Respondent’s registration of the domain name at issue.


5. Parties’ Contentions

A. Complainant

Complainant contends that the domain name is confusingly similar to Complainant’s MASTERCARD trademark, that Respondent lacks any right or legitimate interest in the domain name, and that Respondent has registered and used the domain name in bad faith by illegally and fraudulently impersonating Complainant.

B. Respondent

Respondent did not reply to Complainant’s contentions.


6. Discussion and Findings

In order to succeed in its claim, Complainant must demonstrate that all of the elements enumerated in Paragraph 4(a) of the Policy have been satisfied:

(i) the domain name in dispute is identical or confusingly similar to a trademark or service mark in which Complainant has rights; and

(ii) Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests with respect to the domain name; and

(iii) the domain name has been registered and is being used in bad faith.

Paragraph 15(a) of the Rules instructs this Panel to decide a Complaint “on the basis of the statements and documents submitted in accordance with the Policy, these Rules and any rules and principles of law that it deems applicable”.

A. Identical or Confusingly Similar

The disputed domain name <mastercardcorp.com> incorporates Complainant’s registered MASTERCARD trademark in its entirety. The domain name adds only the non-distinctive term “corp.” which is an abbreviation for “corporation.” The most dominant feature of the domain name is Complainant’s registered MASTERCARD mark. The addition of the non-distinctive “corp.” abbreviation, does not change the overall impression of the mark.

Accordingly, the Panel finds that the domain name is identical and confusingly similar to Complainant’s trademark.

B. Rights or Legitimate Interests

Respondent is not affiliated or related to Complainant in any way, nor is Respondent licensed by Complainant or otherwise authorized to use the MASTERCARD mark.

Respondent is not generally known by the domain name and has not acquired any trademark or service mark rights in that name or mark.

Respondent is not using the domain name in a bona fide manner. Instead, Respondent is using the domain name to illegally and fraudulently impersonate Complainant by linking its website to Complainant’s official web site, as evidenced in the Exhibits to the Complaint. Respondent’s use of the domain name for such purposes is not a bona fide offering of goods or services nor a legitimate noncommercial or fair use of the domain name. In failing to submit a response, moreover, Respondent has not put forward any evidence that would rebut Complainant’s case or support a finding that it has rights or legitimate interests in the domain name.

In light of the foregoing, the Panel finds that Respondent has no rights or legitimate interests with regard to the domain name at issue.

C. Registered and Used in Bad Faith

Paragraph 4(b) of the Policy states circumstances which, if found, shall be evidence of the registration and use of the domain name in bad faith:

(i) circumstances indicating that Respondent has registered or acquired the domain name primarily for the purpose of selling, renting or otherwise transferring the domain name registration to the Complainant who is the owner of the trademark or service mark or to a competitor of the Complainant, for valuable consideration in excess of the documented out-of-pocket costs directly related to the domain name; or

(ii) Respondent has registered the domain name in order to prevent the owner of the trademark or service mark from reflecting the mark in a corresponding domain name, provided that Respondent has engaged in a pattern of such conduct; or

(iii) Respondent has registered the domain name primarily for the purpose of disrupting the business of a competitor; or

(iv) by using the domain name, Respondent has intentionally attempted to attract, for commercial gain, Internet users to Respondent’s website or other on-line location, by creating a likelihood of confusion with the Complainant’s mark as to the source, sponsorship, affiliation or endorsement of Respondent’s website or location of a product or service on Respondent’s website or location.

It should be noted that the circumstances of bad faith are not limited to the above.

Here, it is apparent that the domain name is being deliberately used for commercial gain to attract Internet users to Respondent’s website based on a likelihood of confusion with Complainant’s MASTERCARD mark. The widespread fame and use of the MASTERCARD mark in the credit card industry, Complainant’s prior domain name registrations and trademark registrations lead to the inevitable conclusion that Respondent registered and is using the domain name with actual knowledge of Complainant’s rights.

Moreover, by linking to Complainant’s website, the domain name intentionally deceives the user as to its ownership and trades off the goodwill enjoyed by Complainant in its MASTERCARD mark. In addition, Complainant submitted evidence of emails purporting to be from an employee at Mastercard, sent by a “Leslie Shaw” identified as the “VP of Strategic Marketing” for “Mastercard Corporation” with a fictitious street address in New York (actually, the location of a restaurant) and an email address of [ ]@mastercardcorp.com. Complainant does not employ anyone by the name “Leslie Shaw” and it does not use the domain name <mastercardcorp.com> for its internal email address. These emails came to Complainant’s attention when an individual contacted Complainant seeking payment for a promotional event purportedly on behalf of Complainant, for which she was hired by “Leslie Shaw” at “MasterCard Corporation.” Complainant was unaware of and did not authorize this promotional event.

Additional email correspondence submitted with the Complaint evidences use of the domain name in further fraudulent activity pursuant to which “Leslie Shaw” at “Mastercard Corporation” obtained $15,000 by fraudulently offering a MASTERCARD “co-branding” campaign to a third party.

This course of fraudulent conduct in impersonating Complainant is further evidence of Respondent’s bad faith.

Accordingly, the Panel finds the disputed domain name to be registered and used in bad faith.


7. Decision

For all the foregoing reasons, in accordance with paragraphs 4(i) of the Policy and 15 of the Rules, the Panel orders that the domain name <mastercardcorp.com> be transferred to Complainant.

Lynda J. Zadra-Symes
Sole Panelist

Dated: August 9, 2007